Learn More
The prostate-specific antigen test has been a major factor in increasing awareness and better patient management of prostate cancer (PCA), but its lack of specificity limits its use in diagnosis and makes for poor early detection of PCA. The objective of our studies is to identify better biomarkers for early detection of PCA using protein profiling(More)
An expression plasmid (MoPrP.Xho), for use in transgenic mice, was developed from the promoter, 5' intronic, and 3' untranslated sequences of the murine prion protein gene. Analyses of mice harboring the MoPrP.Xho construct with cDNA genes encoding the amyloid precursor protein (APP) and human presenilin 1 demonstrated that this vector provides relatively(More)
We evaluated the ability of bone density and vertebral fractures at baseline to predict vertebral fracture incidence in a cohort of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. The study population was 380 postmenopausal women (mean age 65 years) treated for osteoporosis in a randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical trial of the bisphosphonate etidronate at(More)
Japanese have a lower incidence of hip fracture than Caucasians despite having lower bone mass. Hip fractures usually occur after a fall, and differing incidence rates of falls might explain the observed differences in hip fracture rates. To explore this hypothesis, we studied falls and related conditions among 1534 (624 men, 910 women) community-dwelling(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the independent contributions of bone mass and existing fractures as predictors of the risk for new vertebral fractures. SUBJECTS Postmenopausal Japanese-American women. MEASUREMENTS Baseline measurements of the distal radius, the proximal radius, and the calcaneus were obtained in 1981 using single-photon absorptiometry.(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the frequency of disease reclassification and to identify clinicopathological variables associated with it in patients with favourable-risk prostate cancer undergoing active surveillance (AS). PATIENTS AND METHODS We assessed 191 men, selected by what may be the most stringent criteria used in AS studies yet conducted, who were(More)
Hip fracture incidence rates among men and women of Japanese ancestry living on Oahu, Hawaii, from 1979 to 1981 were compared with rates for Japanese living on Okinawa, Japan, from 1984 to 1985. Both rates were further compared with those for various American Caucasian populations, including that of Rochester, Minnesota, from 1978 to 1982. Age-specific and(More)
Uric acid, an antioxidant found in high concentrations in serum and in the brain, has been hypothesized to protect against oxidative damage and cell death in Parkinson's disease. The authors tested this hypothesis among men participating in a 30-year prospective study known as the Honolulu Heart Program. Serum uric acid was measured in 7,968 men at the(More)
BACKGROUND Although vertebral fractures are very common among elderly Caucasian women, no studies have compared the prevalence to that among Asian populations. Any observed differences in prevalence might lead to the identification of important environmental and/or genetic factors. We therefore compared the prevalence of vertebral fractures among US(More)
PURPOSE Robot assisted radical cystectomy outcomes show feasibility and potential benefits for patient recovery. However, it is difficult to judge the completeness of extended robot assisted vs open pelvic lymph node dissection using only the lymph node count and template description. We performed a prospective protocol in which radical cystectomy and(More)