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1. An equivalent circuit model of the R15 bursting neuron in Aplysia has been combined with a fluid compartment model, resulting in a model that incorporates descriptions of most of the membrane ion channels that are known to exist in the somata of R15, as well as providing a Ca2+ balance on the cell. 2. A voltage-activated, calcium-inactivated Ca2+ current(More)
We have developed a mathematical model of the human atria myocyte based on averaged voltage-clamp data recorded from isolated single myocytes. Our model consists of a Hodgkin-Huxley-type equivalent circuit for the sarcolemma, coupled with a fluid compartment model, which accounts for changes in ionic concentrations in the cytoplasm as well as in the(More)
A mathematical model of midbrain dopamine neurons has been developed to understand the mechanisms underlying two types of calcium-dependent firing patterns that these cells exhibit in vitro. The first is the regular, pacemaker-like firing exhibited in a slice preparation, and the second is a burst firing pattern sometimes exhibited in the presence of(More)
1. Neurons of the nodose ganglia provide the sole connection between many types of visceral sensory inputs and the central nervous system. Electrophysiological studies of isolated nodose neurons provide a practical means of measuring individual cell membrane currents and assessing their putative contributions to the overall response properties of the neuron(More)
In order to assess the relative contributions to pattern-generation of the intrinsic properties of individual neurons and of their connectivity, we examined a ring circuit composed of four complex physiologically based oscillators. This circuit produced patterns that correspond to several quadrupedal gaits, including the walk, the bound, and the gallop. An(More)
The essential dynamics of some biological central pattern generators (CPGs) can be captured by a model consisting of N neurons connected in a ring. These circuits, like many oscillatory nonlinear circuits of sufficient complexity, are capable of multistability, that is, of generating different firing patterns distinguished by the phasic relationships(More)
A mathematical model for the electrophysiological responses of a rabbit sinoatrial node cell that is based on whole cell recordings from enzymatically isolated single pacemaker cells at 37 degrees C has been developed. The ion channels, Na(+)-K+ and Ca2+ pumps, and Na(+)-Ca2+ exchanger in the surface membrane (sarcolemma) are described using equations for(More)
A model of neuron R15 in Aplysia was used to study the mechanisms determining the phase-response curve (PRC) of the cell in response to both extrinsic current pulses and modeled synaptic input and to compare entrainment predictions from PRCs with those from actual simulations. Over the range of stimulus parameters studied, the PRCs of the model exhibited(More)
We have extended our compartmental model [Am. J. Physiol. 266 (Cell Physiol. 35): C832-C852, 1994] of the single rabbit sinoatrial node (SAN) cell so that it can simulate cellular responses to bath applications of ACh and isoprenaline as well as the effects of neuronally released ACh. The model employs three different types of muscarinic receptors to(More)
Previous models combining the human cardiovascular and pulmonary systems have not addressed their strong dynamic interaction. They are primarily cardiovascular or pulmonary in their orientation and do not permit a full exploration of how the combined cardiopulmonary system responds to large amplitude forcing (e.g., by the Valsalva maneuver). To address this(More)