John W. Boscardin

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Various noninformative prior distributions have been suggested for scale parameters in hierarchical models. We construct a new folded-noncentral-t family of conditionally conjugate priors for hierarchical standard deviation parameters, and then consider noninformative and weakly informative priors in this family. We use an example to illustrate serious(More)
Immune changes and their relationships in a frail elderly population (N=116, age 70-103, median 86 years) were defined in comparison to a healthy younger group. Previous immune studies in the elderly have generally focused on one or few parameters without correlation analyses. Furthermore, the study populations have been active elderly in relatively small(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess HIV vaccine acceptability among high-risk adults in Los Angeles. STUDY SETTING Sexually transmitted disease clinics, needle/syringe exchange programs, Latino community health/HIV prevention programs. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional survey using conjoint analysis. Participants were randomly selected using three-stage probability(More)
Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is the most common cause of dementia in people under 60 yr of age and is pathologically associated with mislocalization of TAR DNA/RNA binding protein 43 (TDP-43) in approximately half of cases (FLTD-TDP). Mutations in the gene encoding progranulin (GRN), which lead to reduced progranulin levels, are a significant cause of(More)
OBJECTIVE Transsphenoidal adenomectomy carries the possibility of new pituitary failure and recovery. Herein, we present rates and determinants of postoperative hormonal status. METHODS All consecutive patients who underwent endonasal transsphenoidal adenoma removal over an 8-year period were analyzed. Those with previous sellar radiotherapy were(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize intestinal mucosal cytokine profiles in subjects with HIV-1 infection and their relation to mucosal viral load (MVL). Intestinal mucosal cytokine mRNA (interleukin [IL]-2, interferon [IFN]-gamma, IL-12, IL-10, IL-1beta, tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-alpha, IL-6, and regulated upon activation, normal T-cell(More)
Hierarchical linear and generalized linear models can be fit using Gibbs samplers and Metropolis algorithms; these models, however, often have many parameters, and convergence of the seemingly most natural Gibbs and Metropolis algorithms can sometimes be slow. We examine solutions that involve reparameterization and overparameterization. We begin with(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the course of cerebral blood flow (CBF) and metabolism in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients and to specifically characterize the changes in lactate and glucose indices in the acute post-traumatic period with regard to neurological condition and functional outcome. For this purpose, 55 consecutive TBI(More)
Cardiac contractility modulation (CCM) signals are nonexcitatory electrical signals delivered during the cardiac absolute refractory period that enhance the strength of cardiac muscular contraction. The FIX-HF-5 study was a prospective randomized study comparing CCM plus optimal medical therapy (OMT) to OMT alone that included 428 New York Heart Association(More)
OBJECTIVES Successful control of the HIV/AIDS pandemic requires reduction of HIV-1 transmission at sexually-exposed mucosae. No prevention studies of the higher-risk rectal compartment exist. We report the first-in-field Phase 1 trial of a rectally-applied, vaginally-formulated microbicide gel with the RT-inhibitor UC781 measuring clinical and mucosal(More)