John W. Boja

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A variety of evidence suggests a 'dopamine hypothesis' for the reinforcing properties of cocaine. This hypothesis proposes that cocaine binds at the dopamine transporter and mainly inhibits neurotransmitter re-uptake; the resulting potentiation of dopaminergic neurotransmission in mesolimbocortical pathways ultimately causes reinforcement. This model(More)
RTI-55 (3 beta-(4-iodophenyl)tropan-2 beta-carboxylic acid methyl ester), one of the most potent inhibitors of dopamine uptake reported to date, was radioiodinated and tested as a probe for the cocaine receptor in Sprague-Dawley rat brain. Saturation and kinetic studies in the striatum revealed that [125I]RTI-55 bound to both a high- and low-affinity site.(More)
Several 2 beta-carboxylic acid ester and amide analogues of cocaine and of 3 beta-(4'-substituted phenyl)tropane-2 beta-carboxylic acid were prepared. The binding affinities of these compounds, and of some previously prepared analogues, at the dopamine (DA), norepinephrine (NE), and serotonin (5-HT) transporters were determined. The phenyl esters of 3(More)
The iodine-125 analog of the dopaminergically selective cocaine analog 3 beta-(4-iodophenyl)tropane-2 beta-carboxylic acid isopropyl ester (RT1-121) was evaluated as a probe for the dopamine transporter in rat striatum. Saturation and kinetic studies indicated that [125I]RTI-121 binds to both high and low affinity components. The Kd of the high affinity(More)
A series of 3 beta-(p-substituted phenyl)tropane-2 beta-carboxylic acid methyl esters (2) were synthesized and found to possess high affinity for the cocaine binding site in rat striatum. The p-chloro (2c) and p-iodo (2n) compounds, which were the most potent analogues prepared, were found to be 85 and 78 times more potent than (-)-cocaine. The p-bromo (2m)(More)
A selective ligand for the dopamine transporter 3 beta-(4-iodophenyl)tropan-2 beta-carboxylic acid isopropyl ester (RTI-121) has been labeled with iodine-125 by electrophilic radioiododestannylation. The [125I]RTI-121 was obtained in good yield (86 +/- 7%, n = 3) with high radiochemical purity (> 99%) and specific radioactivity (1210-1950 mCi/mumol). After(More)
The rate of entry of drugs into brain is thought to be a factor in their abuse liability. In this investigation, we have examined the rate of entry and binding at dopamine transporters in mouse striatum for a variety of dopamine transporter inhibitors. The method utilized was based on measuring the displacement of3H-WIN 35,428 from striatal dopamine(More)
Three cocaine analogs were compared with cocaine for the capacity to affect: (1) dopamine transporter binding and function; and (2) locomotor activity. RTI-55 (3 beta-[4-iodophenyl]tropane-2 beta-carboxylic acid methyl ester tartrate), RTI-121 (3 beta-[4-iodophenyl] tropan-2 beta-carboxylic acid isopropyl ester hydrochloride) and RTI-130 (3(More)
After in vivo administration, [3H]WIN 35,428 accumulated in mouse brain regions containing dopaminergic nerve terminals. The highest accumulation was in the striatum and it peaked between 30 and 60 min. The accumulation was saturable with increasing doses of WIN 35,428, and was blocked by compounds that bind to the dopamine transporter. Paroxetine, a drug(More)