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In vertebrate animals, fibrillar collagen accumulates, organizes, and persists in structures which resist mechanical force. This antidissipative behavior is possibly due to a mechanochemical force-switch which converts collagen from enzyme-susceptible to enzyme-resistant. Degradation experiments on native tissue and reconstituted fibrils suggest that(More)
Mechanical strain or stretch of collagen has been shown to be protective of fibrils against both thermal and enzymatic degradation. The details of this mechanochemical relationship could change our understanding of load-bearing tissue formation, growth, maintenance, and disease in vertebrate animals. However, extracting a quantitative relationship between(More)
Sulfur is an essential component for the biosynthesis of the sulfur-containing amino acids L-methionine and L-cysteine. Under sulfur-starvation conditions, bacteria are capable of scavenging sulfur from sulfur-containing compounds and transporting it across membranes. Here, the crystal structure of the periplasmic aliphatic sulfonate-binding protein SsuA(More)
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