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Translation initiation factor eIF3 is a large, multisubunit protein complex that plays a central role in the pathway of initiation by promoting the binding of both methionyl-tRNAi and mRNA to the 40S ribosomal subunit. As part of a broad effort to elucidate the structure of eIF3, we have cloned and sequenced the human cDNA encoding the 48-kDa subunit,(More)
In mammalian cells, nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) generally requires that translation terminates sufficiently upstream of a post-splicing exon junction complex (EJC) during a pioneer round of translation. The subsequent binding of Upf1 to the EJC triggers Upf1 phosphorylation. We provide evidence that phospho-Upf1 functions after nonsense codon(More)
Translation intitiation factor eIF-5A (previously named eIF-4D) is a highly conserved protein that promotes formation of the first peptide bond. One of its lysine residues is modified by spermidine to form hypusine, a posttranslational modification unique to eIF-5A. To elucidate the function of eIF-5A and determine the role of its hypusine modification, the(More)
Eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF-5A (formerly eIF-4D) is thought to function in protein synthesis by promoting synthesis of the first peptide bond because it stimulates methionyl-puromycin formation in vitro. eIF-5A is encoded by two genes (TIF51A and TIF51B) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae; the protein and its hypusine modification are essential(More)
The largest of the mammalian translation initiation factors, eIF3, consists of at least eight subunits ranging in mass from 35 to 170 kDa. eIF3 binds to the 40 S ribosome in an early step of translation initiation and promotes the binding of methionyl-tRNAi and mRNA. We report the cloning and characterization of human cDNAs encoding two of its subunits,(More)
The mammalian translation initiation factor 3 (eIF3), is a multiprotein complex of approximately 600 kDa that binds to the 40 S ribosome and promotes the binding of methionyl-tRNAi and mRNA. cDNAs encoding 5 of the 10 subunits, namely eIF3-p170, -p116, -p110, -p48, and -p36, have been isolated previously. Here we report the cloning and characterization of(More)
Protein synthesis initiation factors in purified preparations and in crude lysates of HeLa cells were fractionated by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in order to characterize their molecular forms. Specific spots in the complex cytoplasmic protein gel pattern which corresponded to the initiation factor proteins were identified by(More)
Following poliovirus infection of HeLa cells, the synthesis of cellular proteins is inhibited but translation of poliovirus mRNA proceeds. The defect in the recognition of host cell mRNA may be due to a change in a cap recognition complex which, when added to an infected cell lysate, restores the ability to translate capped mRNAs. We employed immunoblotting(More)