John W.B. Hershey

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Messenger RNA translation or protein synthesis, is a fundamental biological process affecting cell growth, survival and proliferation. Initiation is the rate limiting and hence the most regulated step of translation. In eukaryotes, translation initiation is facilitated by multiple protein factors collectively called eIFs (for eukaryotic translation(More)
In mammalian cells, nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) generally requires that translation terminates sufficiently upstream of a post-splicing exon junction complex (EJC) during a pioneer round of translation. The subsequent binding of Upf1 to the EJC triggers Upf1 phosphorylation. We provide evidence that phospho-Upf1 functions after nonsense codon(More)
Translation intitiation factor eIF-5A (previously named eIF-4D) is a highly conserved protein that promotes formation of the first peptide bond. One of its lysine residues is modified by spermidine to form hypusine, a posttranslational modification unique to eIF-5A. To elucidate the function of eIF-5A and determine the role of its hypusine modification, the(More)
Eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF-5A (formerly eIF-4D) is thought to function in protein synthesis by promoting synthesis of the first peptide bond because it stimulates methionyl-puromycin formation in vitro. eIF-5A is encoded by two genes (TIF51A and TIF51B) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae; the protein and its hypusine modification are essential(More)
Translation initiation factor eIF-2 is a heterotrimeric GTP-binding protein involved in the recruitment of methionyl-tRNA, to the 40 S ribosomal subunit. To complete our characterization of eIF-2, we cloned and characterized a human cDNA encoding the largest subunit, eIF-2 gamma. From limited peptide sequence data, degenerate oligo-nucleotide primers were(More)
The mammalian translation initiation factor 3 (eIF3), is a multiprotein complex of approximately 600 kDa that binds to the 40 S ribosome and promotes the binding of methionyl-tRNAi and mRNA. cDNAs encoding 5 of the 10 subunits, namely eIF3-p170, -p116, -p110, -p48, and -p36, have been isolated previously. Here we report the cloning and characterization of(More)
The interferon induced double-stranded RNA-activated kinase, PKR, has been suggested to act as a tumor suppressor since expression of a dominant negative mutant of PKR causes malignant transformation. However, the mechanism of transformation has not been elucidated. PKR phosphorylates translation initiation factor eIF-2 alpha on Ser51, resulting in(More)
The largest of the mammalian translation initiation factors, eIF3, consists of at least eight subunits ranging in mass from 35 to 170 kDa. eIF3 binds to the 40 S ribosome in an early step of translation initiation and promotes the binding of methionyl-tRNAi and mRNA. We report the cloning and characterization of human cDNAs encoding two of its subunits,(More)