John W. Adamson

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BACKGROUND A program for banking, characterizing, and distributing placental blood, also called umbilical-cord blood, for transplantation provided grafts for 562 patients between August 24, 1992, and January 30, 1998. We evaluated this experience. METHODS Placental blood was stored under liquid nitrogen and selected for specific patients on the basis of(More)
We administered recombinant human erythropoietin to 25 anemic patients with end-stage renal disease who were undergoing hemodialysis. The recombinant human erythropoietin was given intravenously three times weekly after dialysis, and transfusion requirements, hematocrit, ferrokinetics, and reticulocyte responses were monitored. Over a range of doses between(More)
Although advances have been made in understanding cell differentiation, only rudimentary knowledge exists concerning how differentiated cells form tissues and organs. We studied liver organogenesis because the cell and tissue architecture of this organ is well defined. Approximately 60% of the adult liver consists of hepatocytes that are arranged as(More)
Clinical evidence of hematopoietic restoration with placental/umbilical cord blood (PCB) grafts indicates that PCB can be a useful source of hematopoietic stem cells for routine bone marrow reconstitution. In the unrelated setting, human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched donors must be obtained for candidate patients and, hence, large panels of frozen(More)
Erythropoietin, a glycoprotein that regulates erythropoiesis, initiates its biological effects by binding to a cell-surface receptor. Little is known about the structure of the erythropoietin receptor and the events that follow binding of erythropoietin to its receptor, in part because of the difficulty of obtaining sufficient quantities of cells that(More)
Long-term increases in DOC concentration in rivers draining areas of upland peat are a ubiquitous phenomenon in the UK. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain these increases, but one compelling explanation is the observed long-term increase in temperature in UK uplands causing increases in peat decomposition rates, and increasing the depth of(More)
A number of cell types have been shown to elaborate hematopoietic growth factors in response to inflammatory mediators in vitro. To determine if this response occurs in vivo, we have administered levels of TNF-alpha and TNF-beta (lymphotoxin) found during an inflammatory reaction to mice. Using Northern blot analysis to detect tissue levels of hematopoietic(More)
Endothelial cells are a potent source of hematopoietic growth factors when stimulated by soluble products of monocytes. Interleukin 1 (IL 1) is released by activated monocytes and is a mediator of the inflammatory response. We determined whether purified recombinant human IL 1 could stimulate cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells to release(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The aim of our study was to investigate plasma and genetic risk factors for rupture of cerebral aneurysms. METHODS In London, a case-control study was made of 56 consecutive patients admitted to a regional neurosurgical service for treatment of ruptured cerebral aneurysm and of 93 control subjects. A further 40 consecutive patients(More)