John W. A. Findlay

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This report is a synthesis of (1) the earlier conference on Analytical Methods Validation−Bioavailability, Bioequivalence and Pharmacokinetic Studies (Conference held in Arlington, VA, December 3–5, 1990 and the report published in Pharmaceutical Research, 9: 588-592, 1992) and (2) the workshop on “Bioanalytical Methods Validation—A Revisit with a Decade of(More)
Immunoassays are bioanalytical methods in which quantitation of the analyte depends on the reaction of an antigen (analyte) and an antibody. Although applicable to the analysis of both low molecular weight xenobiotic and macromolecular drugs, these procedures currently find most consistent application in the pharmaceutical industry to the quantitation of(More)
Calibration curves for ligand binding assays are generally characterized by a nonlinear relationship between the mean response and the analyte concentration. Typically, the response exhibits a sigmoidal relationship with concentration. The currently accepted reference model for these calibration curves is the 4-parameter logistic (4-PL) model, which(More)
Valdecoxib is a potent and specific inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2, which is used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and the dysmenorrhea pain. Eight male human subjects each received a single 50-mg oral dose of [(14)C]valdecoxib. Urine, feces, and blood samples were collected after administration of the radioactive dose. Most of the(More)
An immunofluorometric assay (IFA) has been developed for the potential antiepileptic agent, lamotrigine (Lamictal). The assay involves competition between lamotrigine free in solution and bound to a bovine thyroglobulin conjugate on the surface of microtiter strip wells for a limited amount of polyclonal lamotrigine antisera. The end-point of this reaction,(More)
The disposition of salicylic acid, phenacetin, caffeine, and codeine, and two metabolites, acetaminophen and morphine, was studied in breast milk and plasma of two lactating mothers after single oral doses of a compound analgesic. Salicylic acid penetrated poorly into milk, with peak levels of only 1.12 to 1.60 micrograms/ml, whereas peak plasma levels were(More)
Radioimmunoassay (RIA) was used to determine several pharmacokinetic parameters of codeine in man, including the relative bioavailability after oral and intramuscular administration. The study followed a crossover design in 6 healthy, young (18 to 21 yr), male volunteers. Three subjects received 65 mg codeine phosphate orally in an analgesic mixture which(More)
The pharmacokinetics of codeine, codeine glucuronide, morphine, and morphine glucuronide were assessed after single- (60 mg) and multiple-dose (60 mg every six hours for nine doses) oral administration of codeine sulfate to six normal volunteers. Multiple blood and urine samples were collected after administration of the single- and last multiple-oral(More)
The development and validation of ligand binding assays used in the support of pharmacokinetic studies has been the focus of various workshops and publications in recent years, all in an effort to establish a guidance document for standardization of these bioanalytical methods. This summary report of the workshop from 2003 focuses on the issues discussed in(More)