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Six fresh Giardia lamblia strains were isolated by in vitro excystation and subsequent culturing of excysted parasites in bile-supplemented BI-S-33 medium. The cysts passed in faeces appeared to differ in structure when observed using differential interference contrast microscopy. Sometimes the enclosed organisms were closely applied to the cyst wall; in(More)
Encephalitozoon species are important pathogens in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients. However, in immunocompetent persons, little is known about Encephalitozoon infections, mainly because of the lack of reliable diagnostic tests. To improve diagnosis, three serologic techniques that use Encephalitozoon intestinalis as antigen were developed: an(More)
A direct agglutination test (DAT) and an immunofluorescence technique (IFAT) were compared for detection of Leishmania infantum infection in 43 dogs and five foxes from Alto-Douro and Arrábida, two known endemic areas in Portugal. In four dogs with proved canine leishmaniasis, both DAT and IFAT showed positive readings (titres > or = 1:320 and > or =(More)
Research was performed into the prevalence of concurrent parasite infection among 23 patients with onchocerciasis and 13 onchocerciasis-negative controls in Sierra Leone, West Africa. Stools, urine sediments and bloodsmears were examined for ova, parasites and microfilariae. Results showed the presence of Hookworm, Schistosoma mansoni, Trichuris trichiura(More)
Several noninvasive measurement methods are used for evaluation of metabolic disease. Single-photon (125I) scans of the peripheral skeleton are useful in some diseases but are ineffective in osteoporosis (even on the distal radius or os calcis) because they cannot predict spinal or femoral density. Also, peripheral measurements show high percentages of(More)
A relationship between the occurrence of Mooren's ulcer and hookworm infections was suggested by Kuriakose in 1963. Sixteen patients with clinical diagnosis of Mooren's ulcer and 15 local controls from Sierra Leone were tested with respect to serum immunoglobulin levels, circulating antibody to hookworm, circulating antibodies to corneal epithelium, stool(More)
Infective hookworm larvae ofAncylostoma caninum showed chemotaxis when applied on agar plates in a dog serum gradient. The factor(s) that caused this chemotaxis was thermostable and dialysable against PBS. Using ultrafiltration to separate dog serum in several fractions each with a different molecular weight, it was shown that the factor(s) causing(More)
Infective hookworm larvae ofAncylostoma caninum showed chemotaxis on agar plates in a dog serum gradient. This chemotactic behaviour remain unaltered using an ultrafiltrated serum fraction with a molecular weight less than 500. Gelfiltration of this ultrafiltrated fraction revealed a factor with a molecular weight of 480 causing chemotaxis. The chemotactic(More)
The lateral skin areas of nine hookworm-free puppies were exposed to infective larvae of Ancylostoma braziliense, Ancylostoma ceylanicum and Ancylostoma caninum. Serial sections, stained with Harris' haematoxylin and eosin, showed that many similarities exist in the migration patterns of the hookworm species used. However, striking differences were observed(More)