John V. Sullivan

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The microbial composition of concrete biofilms within wastewater collection systems was studied using molecular assays. SSU rDNA clone libraries were generated from 16 concrete surfaces of manholes, a combined sewer overflow, and sections of a corroded sewer pipe. Of the 2457 sequences analyzed, α-, β-, γ-, and δ-Proteobacteria represented 15%, 22%, 11%,(More)
This paper addresses the environmental burdens (energy consumption and air emissions, including greenhouse gases, GHGs) of the material production, assembly, and recycling of automotive lithium-ion batteries in hybrid electric, plug-in hybrid electric, and battery electric vehicles (BEV) that use LiMn(2)O(4) cathode material. In this analysis, we calculated(More)
Nanoelectromechanical devices exhibiting dramatically improved robustness through novel material selection are demonstrated. A unique combination of carbon nanotube active elements and conductive diamond-like carbon contact electrodes results in reliable switching performance not found in devices with ubiquitously-used metal thin film electrodes. This in(More)
In this paper, we have studied medium-range order structures in amorphous diamond-like carbon films with fluctuation microscopy. Medium-range order structures are quantified by a specific form of a general four-body correlation. We name this function as a pair-pair alignment correlation function. By analyzing speckle dark-field images taken over different(More)
A method for the simultaneous horizontal agarose gel electrophoresis on thin-layer strips of different gel concentrations was developed for the purpose of generating Ferguson plots at the sub-microgram load level. Seven independent gel strips on a common GelBond support were formed by filling channels created by a comb-shaped spacer (polycarbonate) in a(More)
Fluctuation electron microscopy studies have been performed on several aluminum oxides exposed to different electrochemical conditions. Little is known about amorphous aluminum oxide structures and their relationship with their passivation behaviors. Corrosion studies have shown that exposure of aluminum oxide films to Cl ions in solution reduces the(More)
A device for the measurement of voltage across tube gels was designed and constructed which allows one to measure voltage during electrophoresis without any manipulation of the gel electrophoresis apparatus or gel tube and with the elimination of a source of inaccuracy in previous such devices.