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Two distinct Cl/anion exchange activities (Cl/HCO(3) and Cl/OH) identified in apical membranes of rat distal colon are distributed in cell type-specific patterns. Cl/HCO(3) exchange is expressed only in surface cells, whereas Cl/OH exchange is localized in surface and crypt cells. Dietary Na depletion substantially inhibits Cl/HCO(3) but not Cl/OH exchange.(More)
BACKGROUND The pulsed dye laser has been the standard for treating vascular lesions. Although quite effective for treating facial vessels and port-wine stains, spider veins of the lower extremities are more difficult to treat. Recent studies have shown that lasers with longer pulse durations are more effective at treating spider veins. A new long-pulse(More)
Tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and/or pro-urokinase (pro-UK) induced lysis of standard 125I-fibrin clots suspended in plasma was studied. Doses were kept below the concentration at which a nonspecific effect was seen, i.e., where fibrinogenolysis and major plasminogen consumption were observed. Small amounts of t-PA potentiated clot lysis by pro-UK by(More)
We examined the interaction of smooth muscle myosin with alpha-actin and beta-actin isoforms during the contraction of A7r5 smooth muscle cells and rat aortic smooth muscle. The techniques of confocal microscopy and fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) analysis were utilized in examining A7r5 cells and rat aortic rings contracted with phorbol(More)
The development and application of a novel, sensitive TaqMan fluorescent probe-based product enhanced RT test (F-PERT) for the detection of retrovirus are described. The assay allows discrimination between the amplification signals generated by genuine positive signals that result from retroviral RT activity and the RT-like activity from DNA polymerases.(More)
Aberrant activation of the Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 3 has been implicated in cell proliferation and survival of many cancers including head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). AZD1480, an orally active pharmacologic inhibitor of JAK1/JAK2, has been tested in several cancer models. In the present study,(More)
Xenotransplantation offers a potential solution to the shortage of donor organs for allotransplantation. In vitro studies that demonstrate the transmission of porcine endogenous retroviruses (PERV) from porcine cells to human cells and cell lines have raised concerns regarding the potential transmission of PERV to both xenograft recipients and their(More)