Christian L Nicholas21
Amy S Jordan13
Bei Bei10
21Christian L Nicholas
13Amy S Jordan
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Aging is associated with many changes in sleep, with one of the most prominent being a reduction in slow wave sleep. Traditional measures of this phenomenon rely on spontaneous activity and typically confound the incidence and amplitude of delta waves. The measurement of evoked K-complexes during sleep, enable separate assessment of incidence and amplitude(More)
Normal aging is associated with a reduction in the probability that an auditory stimulus will evoke a K-complex during sleep. Additional concomitants of aging are a reduction in the amplitude of the K-complex-related N550, an augmentation of the P2 component and the appearance of a long-lasting positivity (LLP) in the auditory evoked potential. Normal aging(More)
Heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP) and autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity vary diurnally, with a reduction in HR and BP, and a shift to vagal dominance during the dark phase. However, the cause of these changes, particularly the relative influence of sleep and circadian mechanisms, remains uncertain. The present study assessed the effect of sleep(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) patients have elevated non-rapid eye movement (REM) sleep arousal thresholds to inspiratory loading. To test the hypothesis that this is due to sleep-specific dampening of cortical responses to inspiratory effort, respiratory-related evoked potentials (RREPs) were evaluated in six mild OSAS patients and six age- and(More)
OBJECTIVES Despite a relatively large body of literature describing the characteristics of sleep spindles and K-complexes in young adults, relatively little research has been conducted in older individuals. The general consensus from the few studies that have addressed this issue is that there is a progressive decrease in the number of spindles and(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To determine whether K-complex production is better interpreted as being an arousal response or reflective of a sleep protective micro-state. DESIGN A 3-night study--night 1 as a baseline night, night 2 as a sleep fragmentation night, followed immediately by night 3 as a recovery night. On nights 1 and 3, approximately 400 auditory(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES This paper aims to determine whether experimental arousals from sleep delay the sleep related fall in cardiovascular activity in healthy adults. DESIGN We report the results of 2 studies. The first experiment manipulated arousals from sleep in young adults. The second compared the effect of frequent arousals on young and middle-aged(More)
The aim of this study was to test if the pattern of human mood variation across the day is consistent with the hypothesis that self-reports of positive affect (PA) have a circadian component, and self-reports of negative affect (NA) do not. Data were collected under two protocols: normal ambulatory conditions of activity and rest and during a 27 h constant(More)
OBJECTIVE It has been proposed that spindles and spontaneous K-complexes reflect two sides of a coin, with the spindle reflecting an inhibitory microstate and the K-complex reflecting an excitatory or aroused microstate [Physiol Behav 1993;54(4):795]. This hypothesis predicts that the presence of a sleep spindle at the time of stimulus presentation would(More)