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Localizing genes that contribute to drought avoidance in a quantitative way should enable the exploitation of these genes in breeding through marker-assisted selection, and may lead to the discovery of gene identity and function. Between 110 and 176 F6 recombinant inbred lines from a mapping population derived from a cross of upland rice varieties Bala and(More)
BACKGROUND Introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) of limited valency is justified in Africa by the high burden of pneumococcal disease. Long-term beneficial effects of PCVs may be countered by serotype replacement. We aimed to determine the impact of PCV-7 vaccination on pneumococcal carriage in rural Gambia. METHODS AND FINDINGS A(More)
UNLABELLED To describe how, through a DSS in a rural area of The Gambia, it has been possible to measure substantial reductions in child mortality rates and how we investigated whether the decline paralleled the registered fall in malaria incidence in the country. METHODS Demographic surveillance data spanning 19.5 years (1 April 1989-30 September 2008)(More)
Placental malaria (PM), a frequent infection of pregnancy, provides an ideal opportunity to investigate the impact on immune development of exposure of the foetal immune system to foreign Ag. We investigated the effect of PM on the regulatory phenotype and function of cord blood cells from healthy Gambian newborns and peripheral blood cells from their(More)
We made a retrospective audit of all basal cell carcinomas excised in the Maxillofacial Units at St. Richard's Hospital, Chichester and the Worthing and Southlands NHS Trust between 1990 and 1999. A total of 3795 BCCs were excised. Of these, 3560 were completely excised (93.8%) and 235 were incompletely excised (6.2%), which compares favourably with other(More)
Molecular analyses of lung aspirates from Gambian children with severe pneumonia detected pathogens more frequently than did culture and showed a predominance of bacteria, principally Streptococcus pneumoniae, >75% being of serotypes covered by current pneumococcal conjugate vaccines. Multiple pathogens were detected frequently, notably Haemophilus(More)
[1] In order to use ambient seismic noise for mapping Earth's structure, it is important to understand the spatio-temporal characteristics of the noise field. This study uses data collected during four austral winter months of 2002 to investigate New Zealand's ambient seismic noise field in the double-ocean-wave-frequency range (0.1 – 0.3 Hz). It is shown(More)
Epidemiological studies of acute kidney injury (AKI) and acute-on-chronic renal failure (ACRF) are surprisingly sparse and confounded by differences in definition. Reported incidences vary, with few studies being population-based. Given this and our aging population, the incidence of AKI may be much higher than currently thought. We tested the hypothesis(More)