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METHOD This paper presents methods of measuring the longitudinal relaxation time using inversion recovery turbo spin echo (IR-TSE) and magnetization-prepared rapid gradient echo (MPRAGE) sequences, comparing and optimizing these sequences, reporting T1 values for water protons measured from brain tissue at 1.5, 3, and 7 T. T1 was measured in cortical grey(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between intra-abdominal adiposity and individual components of the metabolic syndrome (MS) in adolescent males and females. DESIGN Cross-sectional study of a population-based cohort. SETTING Saguenay Youth Study, Quebec, Canada. PARTICIPANTS A total of 324 adolescents, aged 12 to 18 years. INTERVENTION(More)
The purpose of this study was to adapt the hepatic perfusion index (HPI) methodology previously developed for MRI to derive 3D parametric maps of HPI, and to investigate apparent differences in HPI maps between a group of colorectal cancer patients and controls. To achieve this, a new and simpler approach to HPI calculation which does not require(More)
The aim of the study was to adapt the methodology established for dynamic CT measurements of the hepatic perfusion index (HPI) to MRI, and to assess the potential role of MRI measurements of the HPI in detecting regional alterations in liver perfusion between patients with colorectal liver metastases and normal controls. The HPI was evaluated from serial(More)
Substantial water fluxes across the small intestine occur during digestion of food, but so far measuring these has required invasive intubation techniques. This paper describes a non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique for measuring small bowel water content which has been validated using naso-duodenal infusion. Eighteen healthy volunteers(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Preoperative starvation has many undesirable effects but the minimum length of fasting is limited by gastric emptying, which may be dependent on nutrient content, viscosity and osmolarity of the feed. We compared the gastric emptying of two types of preoperative metabolic preconditioning drinks [Oral Nutritional Supplement (ONS) (Fresenius(More)
AIMS Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) allows non-invasive phase contrast measurements of flow through planes transecting large vessels. However, some clinically valuable applications are highly sensitive to errors caused by small offsets of measured velocities if these are not adequately corrected, for example by the use of static tissue or static(More)
OBJECTIVE Positron emission tomography (PET) provides an accurate measurement of radiotracer concentration in vivo, but performance can be limited by subject motion which degrades spatial resolution and quantitative accuracy. This effect may become a limiting factor for PET studies in the body as PET scanner technology improves. In this work, we propose a(More)
Separation of solids and liquids within the stomach allows faster gastric emptying of liquids compared with solids, a phenomenon known as sieving. We tested the hypothesis that blending a solid and water meal would abolish sieving, preventing the early rapid decrease in gastric volume and thereby enhancing satiety. We carried out 2 separate studies. Study 1(More)
BACKGROUND 5-HT(3) antagonists have been shown to be effective in relieving the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhoea (IBS-D). Using a recently validated magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method, we have demonstrated reduced fasting small bowel water content (SBWC) in IBS-D associated with accelerated small bowel transit. We hypothesized that(More)