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This paper presents methods of measuring the longitudinal relaxation time using inversion recovery turbo spin echo (IR-TSE) and magnetization-prepared rapid gradient echo (MPRAGE) sequences, comparing and optimizing these sequences, reporting T 1 values for water protons measured from brain tissue at 1.5, 3, and 7T. T 1 was measured in cortical grey matter(More)
AIMS Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) allows non-invasive phase contrast measurements of flow through planes transecting large vessels. However, some clinically valuable applications are highly sensitive to errors caused by small offsets of measured velocities if these are not adequately corrected, for example by the use of static tissue or static(More)
The aim of the study was to adapt the methodology established for dynamic CT measurements of the hepatic perfusion index (HPI) to MRI, and to assess the potential role of MRI measurements of the HPI in detecting regional alterations in liver perfusion between patients with colorectal liver metastases and normal controls. The HPI was evaluated from serial(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES The emptying of the gall bladder in response to feeding is pivotal for the digestion of fat, but the role of various food ingredients in contracting the gall bladder postprandially is not well understood. We hypothesized that different food ingredients, when consumed, will have a different effect on stimulating gall bladder emptying.(More)
PURPOSE Eddy current induced velocity offsets are of concern for accuracy in cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) volume flow quantification. However, currently known theoretical aspects of eddy current behavior have not led to effective guidelines for the optimization of flow quantification sequences. This study is aimed at identifying correlations(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Preoperative starvation has many undesirable effects but the minimum length of fasting is limited by gastric emptying, which may be dependent on nutrient content, viscosity and osmolarity of the feed. We compared the gastric emptying of two types of preoperative metabolic preconditioning drinks [Oral Nutritional Supplement (ONS) (Fresenius(More)
OBJECTIVE Positron emission tomography (PET) provides an accurate measurement of radiotracer concentration in vivo, but performance can be limited by subject motion which degrades spatial resolution and quantitative accuracy. This effect may become a limiting factor for PET studies in the body as PET scanner technology improves. In this work, we propose a(More)
The purpose of this study was to adapt the hepatic perfusion index (HPI) methodology previously developed for MRI to derive 3D parametric maps of HPI, and to investigate apparent differences in HPI maps between a group of colorectal cancer patients and controls. To achieve this, a new and simpler approach to HPI calculation which does not require(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between intra-abdominal adiposity and individual components of the metabolic syndrome (MS) in adolescent males and females. DESIGN Cross-sectional study of a population-based cohort. SETTING Saguenay Youth Study, Quebec, Canada. PARTICIPANTS A total of 324 adolescents, aged 12 to 18 years. INTERVENTION(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Postprandial symptoms are common in patients with irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D) and could be diet related. We studied postprandial changes in distribution of water in the upper gastrointestinal tract of healthy volunteers (HVs) and patients with IBS-D after contrasting meals. METHODS In study 1, 11 HVs consumed 350-mL(More)