John Timothy Caldwell

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Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains a challenging disease to treat and urgently requires new therapies to improve its treatment outcome. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying the cooperative antileukemic activities of panobinostat and cytarabine or daunorubicin (DNR) in AML cell lines and diagnostic blast samples in vitro and(More)
BACKGROUND Most Down syndrome children with acute myeloid leukemia (DS-AML) have an overall excellent prognosis, however, patients who suffer an induction failure or relapse, have an extremely poor prognosis. Hence, new therapies need to be developed for this subgroup of DS-AML patients. One new therapeutic approach is preventing cell cycle checkpoint(More)
Resistance to cytarabine and anthracycline-based chemotherapy is a major cause of treatment failure for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. Overexpression of Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, and/or Mcl-1 has been associated with chemoresistance in AML cell lines and with poor clinical outcome of AML patients. Thus, inhibitors of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins could(More)
Children with Down syndrome (DS) are at a substantially increased risk to develop acute myeloid leukemia (AML). This increase in incidence is tempered, however, by favorable overall survival rates of approximately 80%, whereas survival for non-DS children with similar leukemic subtypes is <35%. In this review, the clinical studies that have contributed to(More)
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a malignant disease of cells arising from the myeloid lineage. A heterogeneous disease, AML consists of many different subtypes, each with different treatment sensitivities and prognoses. Despite advances in care, AML remains a difficult to treat disease, with overall survival (OS) being approximately 25% and 65% in the adult(More)
Pancreatic cancer remains a clinical challenge, thus new therapies are urgently needed. The selective Wee1 inhibitor MK-1775 has demonstrated promising results when combined with DNA damaging agents, and more recently with CHK1 inhibitors in various malignancies. We have previously demonstrated that treatment with the pan-histone deacetylase inhibitor(More)
BACKGROUND Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains a difficult disease to treat and requires new therapies to improve treatment outcome. Wee1 inhibitors have been used to prevent activation of the G2 cell cycle checkpoint, thus enhancing the antitumor activity of DNA damaging agents. In this study, we investigated MK-1775 in AML cell lines and diagnostic blast(More)
High-risk neuroblastoma remains a therapeutic challenge with a long-term survival rate of less than 40%. Therefore, new agents are urgently needed to overcome chemotherapy resistance so as to improve the treatment outcome of this deadly disease. Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors (HDACIs) represent a novel class of anticancer drugs. Recent studies(More)
It has been previously shown that acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with higher levels of GATA1 expression have poorer outcomes. Furthermore, pediatric Down syndrome (DS) patients with acute megakaryocytic leukemia (AMKL), whose blast cells almost universally harbor somatic mutations in exon 2 of the transcription factor gene GATA1, demonstrate(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the molecular mechanism underlying intrinsic resistance to ABT-199. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Western blots and real-time RT-PCR were used to determine levels of Mcl-1 after ABT-199 treatment alone or in combination with cytarabine or daunorubicin. Immunoprecipitation of Bim and Mcl-1 were used to determine the effect of ABT-199 treatment(More)