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The GABA-transaminase inhibitor, vigabatrin, has been shown to have a rather low degree of acute toxicity in several animal species. Oral administration of the drug at 1,000 mg/kg/day for 2-4 weeks caused decreased food consumption and weight loss with resultant prostration and death in both rats and dogs. Dosages of 200 mg/kg/day were tolerated for a year(More)
ortho-Chloroaniline (o-CA) andmeta-chloroaniline (m-CA) are chemical intermediates for pigment production in the textile industry. Comparative subchronic gavage studies were conducted to determine the effect of structure on toxicity.o-CA orm-CA was administered to 10 animals/sex/species in deionized water at dosages of 0, 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 mg/kg for(More)
gamma-Vinyl GABA (GVG, vigabatrin) is a GABA transaminase-inhibiting antiepileptic agent. In dogs, chronic GVG administration produces reversible microvacuolation (intramyelinic edema) in discrete brain regions and slowing in central afferent transmission as measured by somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs). Because this microvacuolation is especially(More)
Vigabatrin (Sabril) is a gamma-aminobutyric acid-transaminase (GABA-T) inhibitor that is effective in the treatment of certain types of drug-resistant or uncontrolled epilepsy but is known to cause microscopic vacuolation (intramyelinic edema) in the brains of treated rats, mice, and dogs. The effects of high oral doses (300 mg/kg/day) of vigabatrin(More)
The relative cardiotoxicity of pegylated (STEALTH) liposomal doxorubicin (PL-DOX; Doxil) was compared to nonliposomal doxorubicin (Adriamycin) in rabbits and dogs treated i.v. for up to 22 weeks. No histological evidence of cardiotoxicity was seen in dogs treated with placebo liposomes or PL-DOX every 3 weeks for a total of 10 doses (cumulative doxorubicin(More)
Vigabatrin (VGB) causes intramyelinic edema (microvacuolation) in brain of dogs and rodent, which has encouraged development of noninvasive methods to monitor for this effect during clinical trials. We report the qualitative ex vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) changes observed in a neuropathology study in dogs to detect time of onset and regression of(More)
Chronic administration of vigabatrin (gamma-vinyl GABA) in dogs produces reversible microvacuolation (intramyelinic edema) in discrete brain regions. Histologic changes are most notable in the columns of the fornix and regions of the hypothalamus, thalamus, optic tract, and hippocampus. In an attempt to image these changes in vivo, we performed high-field(More)
This study was conducted to evaluate the potential adverse effects of styrene on reproductive capability from whole-body inhalation exposure of F0 and F1 parental animals. Assessments included gonadal function, estrous cyclicity, mating behavior, conception rate, gestation, parturition, lactation, and weaning in the F0 and F1 generations, and F1 generation(More)
Interest in the influence of context on the psychosocial development of adolescents led to the examination of neighborhood effects on the experience of adolescent life stress. Because of concerns regarding the population and ecological validity of existing measures of adolescent life events, the research group developed a scale for the measurement of life(More)
The adrenal gland is one of the most common endocrine organs affected by chemically induced lesions. In the adrenal cortex, lesions are more frequent in the zona fasciculata and reticularis than in the zona glomerulosa. The adrenal cortex produces steroid hormones with a 17-carbon nucleus following a series of hydroxylation reactions that occur in the(More)