John T. Yarrington

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The adrenal gland is one of the most common endocrine organs affected by chemically induced lesions. In the adrenal cortex, lesions are more frequent in the zona fasciculata and reticularis than in the zona glomerulosa. The adrenal cortex produces steroid hormones with a 17-carbon nucleus following a series of hydroxylation reactions that occur in the(More)
The GABA-transaminase inhibitor, vigabatrin, has been shown to have a rather low degree of acute toxicity in several animal species. Oral administration of the drug at 1,000 mg/kg/day for 2-4 weeks caused decreased food consumption and weight loss with resultant prostration and death in both rats and dogs. Dosages of 200 mg/kg/day were tolerated for a year(More)
Interest in the influence of context on the psychosocial development of adolescents led to the examination of neighborhood effects on the experience of adolescent life stress. Because of concerns regarding the population and ecological validity of existing measures of adolescent life events, the research group developed a scale for the measurement of life(More)
The relative cardiotoxicity of pegylated (STEALTH) liposomal doxorubicin (PL-DOX; Doxil) was compared to nonliposomal doxorubicin (Adriamycin) in rabbits and dogs treated i.v. for up to 22 weeks. No histological evidence of cardiotoxicity was seen in dogs treated with placebo liposomes or PL-DOX every 3 weeks for a total of 10 doses (cumulative doxorubicin(More)
ortho-Chloroaniline (o-CA) andmeta-chloroaniline (m-CA) are chemical intermediates for pigment production in the textile industry. Comparative subchronic gavage studies were conducted to determine the effect of structure on toxicity.o-CA orm-CA was administered to 10 animals/sex/species in deionized water at dosages of 0, 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 mg/kg for(More)
Cows fed a balanced diet with the required amounts of calcium and phosphorus developed acute hypocalcemia and hypophosphatemia shortly after parturition, even in the presence of the a responsive parathyroid gland, when bone resorption was selectively inhibited by the prepartal administration of disodium ethane-1-hydroxy-1, 1-diphosphonate (EHDP). When serum(More)
Chronic administration of vigabatrin (gamma-vinyl GABA) in dogs produces reversible microvacuolation (intramyelinic edema) in discrete brain regions. Histologic changes are most notable in the columns of the fornix and regions of the hypothalamus, thalamus, optic tract, and hippocampus. In an attempt to image these changes in vivo, we performed high-field(More)
This study was conducted to evaluate the potential adverse effects of styrene on reproductive capability from whole-body inhalation exposure of F0 and F1 parental animals. Assessments included gonadal function, estrous cyclicity, mating behavior, conception rate, gestation, parturition, lactation, and weaning in the F0 and F1 generations, and F1 generation(More)
The earliest ultrastructural lesions involving smooth muscle of duck duodenum and gizzard produced by a vitamin E-selenium deficiency were a degereration of sarcoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria. Lysosomes were not observed during these earliest alterations of deficient smooth muscle. Lipid droplets and mineral deposits were present in more severely(More)