John T. Wilkins

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OBJECTIVE To determine age- and gender-related differences in maximum unloaded shortening velocity (Vo) of Type I and IIA single muscle fibers. Muscle fibers must have a broad range of contractile velocities to generate the full range of power required for varied activities. DESIGN Percutaneous needle biopsies of the vastus lateralis were obtained from 31(More)
CONTEXT Estimates of lifetime risk for total cardiovascular disease (CVD) may provide projections of the future population burden of CVD and may assist in clinician-patient risk communication. To date, no lifetime risk estimates of total CVD have been reported. OBJECTIVES To calculate lifetime risk estimates of total CVD by index age (45, 55, 65, 75(More)
Only one low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) genome-wide association study (GWAS) has been previously reported in -African Americans. We performed a GWAS of LDL-C in African Americans using data extracted from electronic medical records (EMR) in the eMERGE network. African Americans were genotyped on the Illumina 1M chip. All LDL-C measurements,(More)
A comparison of the contractile properties of adjacent segments of single human muscle fibers may help to explain the interaction among nuclear domains within the myofiber. Biopsy samples were obtained from the vastus lateralis muscle of 20 healthy untrained women (age 18-79 years). Single fibers (n = 38) were dissected and cut into halves (segments A and(More)
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) contributes to excessive long-term mortality after liver transplantation (LT); however, little is known about early postoperative CVD mortality in the current era. In addition, there is no model for predicting early postoperative CVD mortality across centers. We analyzed adult recipients of primary LT in the Organ Procurement(More)
IMPORTANCE Single measures of blood pressure (BP) levels are associated with the development of atherosclerosis; however, long-term patterns in BP and their effect on cardiovascular disease risk are poorly characterized. OBJECTIVES To identify common BP trajectories throughout early adulthood and to determine their association with presence of coronary(More)
BACKGROUND Heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) affects up to 1 in 200 individuals in the United States, but atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) outcomes of FH in the general US population have not been described. We therefore sought to evaluate long-term coronary heart disease (CHD) and total ASCVD risks in US adults with an FH(More)
OBJECTIVE Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an obesity-related condition associated with cardiovascular mortality. Yet, whether or not NAFLD is independently related to atherosclerosis is unclear. In a population-based cross-sectional sample of middle-aged adults free from liver or heart disease, we tested the hypothesis that NAFLD is associated(More)
BACKGROUND The data existing in the literature regarding the safety of using regadenoson with symptom-limited exercise are limited, which motivated the authors to undertake this randomized study. METHODS We offered patients scheduled to undergo vasodilator stress nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging the opportunity to exercise instead. Patients who failed(More)
BACKGROUND High levels of apolipoprotein B (apoB) have been shown to predict atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) in adults even in the context of low levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) or non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C). OBJECTIVES This study aimed to quantify the associations between apoB and the(More)