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Journals and Conferences
Macrophages secrete matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), an enzyme that weakens the fibrous cap of atherosclerotic plaques, predisposing them to plaque rupture and subsequent ischemic events. Recent work indicates that statins strongly reduce the possibility of heart attack. Furthermore, these compounds appear to exert beneficial effects not only by lowering… (More)
Study of surface representations of the inhibitor-bound thrombin P-1 pocket revealed a lipophilic recess in this pocket which is not occupied by any known inhibitor. Solid-phase synthesis was used to generate benzylamides of D-diphenylAlaPro by aminolysis of Boc dipeptide Kaiser resin. The resulting amides inhibited thrombin in the range IC50 = 3-13,000 nM,… (More)
Using a combination of traditional Medicinal Chemistry/SAR analysis, crystallography, and molecular modeling, we have designed and synthesized a series of novel, highly potent NNRTIs that possess broad antiviral activity against a number of key clinical mutations.
Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) have been shown to be a key component of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The use of NNRTIs has become part of standard combination antiviral therapies producing clinical outcomes with efficacy comparable to other antiviral regimens. There is, however, a critical issue with the emergence… (More)
As part of an ongoing effort to prepare therapeutically useful orally active thrombin inhibitors, we have synthesized a series of compounds that utilize nonbasic groups in the P1 position. The work is based on our previously reported lead structure, compound 1, which was discovered via a resin-based approach to varying P1. By minimizing the size and… (More)
As part of an effort to prepare efficacious and orally bioavailable analogs of the previously reported thrombin inhibitors 1a, b, we have synthesized a series of compounds that utilize 3,3-disubstituted propionic acid derivatives as P3 ligands. By removing the N-terminal amino group, the general oral bioavailability of this class of compounds was enhanced… (More)
The interaction of thrombin with several potent and selective alpha-ketoamide transition state analogs was characterized. L-370, 518 (H-N-Me-D-Phe-Pro-t-4-aminocyclohexylglycyl N-methylcarboxamide) a potent (Ki = 90 pM) and selective (>10(4)-fold versus trypsin) ketoamide thrombin inhibitor was shown to bind thrombin via a two-step reaction wherein the… (More)
The search for new molecular constructs that resemble the critical two-metal binding pharmacophore required for HIV integrase strand transfer inhibition represents a vibrant area of research within drug discovery. Here we present the discovery of a new class of HIV integrase strand transfer inhibitors based on the 2-pyridinone core of MK-0536. These efforts… (More)
Pyrimidino-thiazolyl carbonitriles were prepared that are potent VEGFR-2 (KDR) kinase inhibitors. The modification of lead structures resulted in 3m which exhibited the best overall profile in KDR inhibitory activity, iv/po pharmacokinetics, and reduced hERG affinity.
We report structure-activity investigations in a series of tripeptide amide inhibitors of thrombin, and the development of a series of highly potent active site directed alpha-keto carbonyl inhibitors having the side chain of lysine at P1. Compounds of this class are unstable by virtue of reactivity at the electrophilic carbonyl and racemization at the… (More)