John T Scott Jaques

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Thyroid hormones (THs) are important in the development and maturation of the central nervous system (CNS). The significant actions of THs during CNS development occur at the time when TH levels are lower than those in the mother and the hypothalamic-thyroid (HPT) axis is not fully functional. In the developing rat nervous system, primarily the cerebellum,(More)
We evaluated the relationship, in cynomolgus macaques (Mucucufascicularis), between rank for order of blood collection with serum concentrations of 3,5,3 -triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), free thyroxine (lT4), and serum cortisol. These relationships were determined for males and females that were housed in two room arrangements. For both room(More)
The objectives of this investigation were to 1) determine serum concentrations of progesterone (P4), estrone sulfate (E1S) and pregnancy-specific protein B (PSPB) from estrus synchronization through mid-gestation in the fallow doe (Dama dama) and 2) characterize the hormonal profiles of does whose embryos or fetuses died in utero. Ten fallow does were(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of transrectal ultrasonography and serum progesterone (P(4)), estrone sulfate (E(1)S) and pregnancy-specific protein B (PSPB), without prior knowledge of reproductive status, in detecting pregnancy in elk cows. In addition, body weight and body condition score (BCS) were determined to assess(More)
Artificial insemination (AI) was performed on sika hinds (Cervus nippon ) receiving various dosages of pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG; Year 1: 0, 50 and 100 IU; Year 2: 100 and 150 IU) and using semen collected from elk and 1 2 elk x 1 2 sika stags. The time from synchronization device removal (CIDR vs norgestomet) to estrus was determined through(More)
Prolonged food deprivation in mammals typically reduces glucose, insulin, and thyroid hormone (TH) concentrations, as well as tissue deiodinase (DI) content and activity, which, collectively, suppress metabolism. However, in elephant seal pups, prolonged fasting does not suppress TH levels; it is associated with upregulation of adipose TH-mediated cellular(More)
The role of thyrotropin (thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH) in driving peripheral thyroid function in non-mammalian species is still poorly understood. Thyroxine (T₄), the principal hormone released from the thyroid gland in response to TSH stimulation, circulates with a robust daily rhythm in the teleost fish the red drum. Previous research suggests that(More)
Thyrotropin (TSH) is a pituitary glycoprotein hormone heterodimer that binds to its G-protein coupled receptor (TSH-R) at the thyroid to promote the synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormone. Very little is known about TSH-TSH-R interactions in teleost fish. Mammalian gonadotropins have been reported to have an intrinsic ability to activate teleost fish(More)
This case describes the presentation and management of an 8 yr old phenotypically female intersex male dog presented for evaluation of a mass in the right inguinal region. The right inguinal space was surgically explored, and a large irregular mass resembling a fully developed testicle was identified in the right vaginal tunic. A second mass resembling an(More)
Thyroid hormones (TH) can increase cellular metabolism. Food deprivation in mammals is typically associated with reduced thyroid gland responsiveness, in an effort to suppress cellular metabolism and abate starvation. However, in prolonged-fasted, elephant seal pups, cellular TH-mediated proteins are up-regulated and TH levels are maintained with fasting(More)