John T. Parsons

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Cell migration is a highly integrated multistep process that orchestrates embryonic morphogenesis; contributes to tissue repair and regeneration; and drives disease progression in cancer, mental retardation, atherosclerosis, and arthritis. The migrating cell is highly polarized with complex regulatory pathways that spatially and temporally integrate its(More)
Cell migration is a complex, highly regulated process that involves the continuous formation and disassembly of adhesions (adhesion turnover). Adhesion formation takes place at the leading edge of protrusions, whereas disassembly occurs both at the cell rear and at the base of protrusions. Despite the importance of these processes in migration, the(More)
The phosphorylation of protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) on tyrosine residues is a critical regulatory event that modulates catalytic activity and triggers the physical association of PTKs with Src homology 2 (SH2)-containing proteins. The integrin-linked focal adhesion kinase, pp125FAK, exhibits extracellular matrix-dependent phosphorylation on tyrosine and(More)
The protein tyrosine kinase focal adhesion kinase (FAK) plays a prominent role in integrin signaling. FAK activation, demonstrated by an increase in phosphorylation of Tyr397 as well as other sites in the protein, is best understood in the context of the engagement of integrins at the cell surface. Activation of FAK results in recruitment of a number of(More)
Expression of the Rous sarcoma virus-encoded oncoprotein, pp60v-src, subverts the normal regulation of cell growth, which results in oncogenic transformation. This process requires the intrinsic protein-tyrosine kinase activity of pp60v-src and is associated with an increase in tyrosine phosphorylation of a number of cellular proteins, candidate substrates(More)
Cell migration affects all morphogenetic processes and contributes to numerous diseases, including cancer and cardiovascular disease. For most cells in most environments, movement begins with protrusion of the cell membrane followed by the formation of new adhesions at the cell front that link the actin cytoskeleton to the substratum, generation of traction(More)
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a member of a family of non-receptor protein-tyrosine kinases that regulates integrin and growth factor signaling pathways involved in cell migration, proliferation, and survival. FAK expression is increased in many cancers, including breast and prostate cancer. Here we describe perturbation of adhesion-mediated signaling with(More)
Paxillin, a focal-adhesion-associated protein, becomes phosphorylated in response to a number of stimuli which also induce the tyrosine phosphorylation of the focal-adhesion-associated protein tyrosine kinase pp125FAK. On the basis of their colocalization and coordinate phosphorylation, paxillin is a candidate for a substrate of pp125FAK. We describe here(More)
The integrins have recently been implicated in signal transduction. A likely mediator of integrin signaling is focal adhesion kinase (pp125FAK or FAK), a structurally distinct protein tyrosine kinase that becomes enzymatically activated upon engagement of integrins with their ligands. A second candidate signaling molecule is paxillin, a focal adhesion(More)
Cell migration is an integrated process that requires the continuous, coordinated formation and disassembly of adhesions. These processes are complex and require a regulated interaction of numerous molecules, and the activation of specific signalling pathways. Even though understanding these processes is challenging, important insights are beginning to(More)