John T. O'Malley

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IL-17-secreting CD4(+) T cells are critically involved in inflammatory immune responses. Development of these cells is promoted in vivo and in vitro by IL-23 or TGFbeta1 plus IL-6. Despite growing interest in this inflammatory Th subset, little is known about the transcription factors that are required for their development. We demonstrate that Stat3 is(More)
Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) is a T cell-mediated autoimmune disease model of multiple sclerosis. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (Stat4) is a transcription factor activated by IL-12 and IL-23, two cytokines known to play important roles in the pathogenesis of EAE by inducing T cells to secrete IFN-gamma and IL-17,(More)
STAT4 is a critical component in the development of inflammatory adaptive immune responses. It has been extensively characterized as a lineage-determining factor in Th1 development. However, the genetic program activated by STAT4 that results in an inflammatory cell type is not well defined. In this report, we use DNA isolated from STAT4-chromatin(More)
STAT4, a critical regulator of inflammation in vivo, can be expressed as two alternative splice forms, a full-length STAT4alpha, and a STAT4beta isoform lacking a C-terminal transactivation domain. Each isoform is sufficient to program Th1 development through both common and distinct subsets of target genes. However, the ability of these isoforms to mediate(More)
T-cell responses to a cytokine milieu instruct the development of multiple effector phenotypes. While transforming growth factor-beta(1) (TGF-beta(1)) inhibits the development of T helper type 1 (Th1) and Th2 cells, we demonstrate that like interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-4, IL-12 can inhibit the development of TGF-beta(1)-induced Foxp3-expressing adaptive T(More)
The factors that induce Foxp3 expression and regulatory T (Treg) cell development remain unknown. In this study, we investigated the role of STAT4 and STAT6 in agonist-driven generation of Ag-specific Foxp3-expressing Treg cells. Our findings indicate that fully efficient induction of Foxp3 expression and development of Ag-specific Treg cells requires the(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) is critical for IL-4 and IL-13 responses, and necessary for the normal development of Th2 cells. We previously generated mice that express a constitutively active STAT6 (STAT6VT) under control of the CD2 locus control region, which directs expression to the T-cell compartment. We now describe that a(More)
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