John T. McLaughlin

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On interaction with the intestine, the mycotoxin ochratoxin A is know to cause rapid inflammation, diarrhea, and increased bacterial translocation. All these effects are consistent with a decrease in epithelial barrier function. However, this has not been shown directly. We determined that ochratoxin A is able to reduce the barrier properties of the model(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Fatty acids induce cholecystokinin (CCK) secretion and modify gastric motility, but the chain length requirements for these effects are not known. Nor is it clear whether the effects of fatty acids on gastric motility in humans are CCK mediated or directly exerted. The aim of this study was to determine the role of fatty acyl chain length(More)
The mycotoxin patulin is a common contaminant of fruit. Here, we demonstrate that patulin reduces the barrier properties of the intestinal cell line, caco-2 by specific effects on tight junction components. Within 5h of exposure to 100 microM toxin, the transepithelial electrical resistance of caco-2 monolayers was reduced by approximately 95% and the(More)
1. The present study has investigated whether fatty acids directly influence peptide release from enteroendocrine cells using STC-1, a mouse intestinal endocrine tumour cell line, previously shown to release cholecystokinin (CCK) in response to other physiological stimuli. 2. Fatty acids elicited a chain length- and dose-dependent stimulation of CCK(More)
BACKGROUND Helminth therapy is advocated to restore and maintain control of inflammatory responses, particularly chronic colitis. However, helminths can induce chronic colitis in susceptible individuals. Susceptibility has an immunogenetic basis: defining this is essential if nematode therapy is to be successfully and safely targeted in inflammatory bowel(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Enteroendocrine cells sense gut luminal contents, and orchestrate digestive physiology whilst contributing to mucosal homeostasis and innate immunity. The terminal ileum is the key site of EEC expression but detailed assessment of their subtypes, lineage transcription factors and expression products has not been undertaken in terminal(More)
Ochratoxin A (OchA) is a food-borne mycotoxin with multiple effects in vivo. Previously, we have demonstrated that the toxin can significantly impair the barrier function of the gut epithelial cell line, Caco-2. Barrier disruption involved loss of claudins 3 and 4, but not claudin 1 from the tight junction complex. In this study, we demonstrate for the(More)
BACKGROUND Poor adherence frequently impaired the efficacy of therapy to maintain remission from inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). There is a lack of practical and effective interventions to improve adherence. This study aimed to identify modifiable risk factors, which may yield targets for new interventions. METHODS Participants with IBD were recruited(More)
BACKGROUND Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DP4) is a serine protease that preferentially cleaves N-terminal dipeptides from polypeptides containing proline or alanine as the penultimate amino acid. DP4 inactivates glucagon like peptide-2 (GLP-2), a trophic peptide with cytoprotective and reparative properties in the injured gut; therefore DP4 potentially inhibits(More)
Ingested fat releases CCK, causes gastric relaxation, delays gastric emptying, and limits meal size; however, the mechanistic link among these actions has not been established. Fatty acid release of CCK is chain-length sensitive; dodecanoic acid (C12) induces greater CCK release than decanoic acid (C10). The effect of C12 or C10 on tolerance to subsequent(More)