John T Hargrove

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Unlike most normal adult tissues, cyclic growth and tissue remodeling occur within the uterine endometrium throughout the reproductive years. The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), a family of structurally related enzymes that degrade specific components of the extracellular matrix are thought to be the physiologically relevant mediators of extracellular(More)
We evaluated a two-step algorithm for detecting toxigenic Clostridium difficile: an enzyme immunoassay for glutamate dehydrogenase antigen (Ag-EIA) and then, for antigen-positive specimens, a concurrent cell culture cytotoxicity neutralization assay (CCNA). Antigen-negative results were > or = 99% predictive of CCNA negativity. Because the Ag-EIA reduced(More)
The hallmark of the menstrual cycle is extensive steroid-dependent tissue turnover. Estrogen mediates endometrial cell growth and structural remodeling, whereas progesterone suppresses estrogen-dependent proliferation and promotes cellular differentiation. In nonfertile cycles, tissue degradation and menstruation occur as a consequence of steroidal(More)
Appropriate endometrial maturation is of paramount importance to achieve reproductive success. Practical and ethical considerations require that in vitro methods be available to evaluate regulation of human endometrial function. Additionally, tissue complexity requires separation of individual cell populations. This report describes an improved method for(More)
Progesterone and its metabolites were measured in serum extracts by radioimmunoassay and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, respectively, after ingestion of micronized progesterone by eight postmenopausal women. One subject received 400 mg of micronized progesterone orally that induced a hypnotic state that lasted for approximately 2 hours. Blood samples(More)
Progesterone (P) has not been administered orally because of reportedly poor bioavailability and a rapid clearance rate. Unfortunately, the synthetic derivatives, although orally active, have a number of disadvantages and fail to mimic natural P completely. To investigate the bioavailability and short-term toxicity of oral micronized P, a standardized dose(More)
The oral route of progesterone administration has long been considered impractical because of poor absorption and short biologic half-life. Recent reports suggest that micronization of progesterone enhances absorption and increases serum and tissue levels of progesterone. This study checks serum progesterone levels before and 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6 hours(More)
The safety and efficacy of a daily combination of micronized estradiol (E2) (0.7-1.05 mg) and progesterone (200-300 mg) were evaluated in ten menopausal women with moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms and/or vaginal atrophy over a 12-month study interval. For comparison, five similar women were placed on conjugated estrogens, 0.625 mg daily, and(More)
A menstrual symptom questionnaire was used to assess the incidence of premenstrual tension (PMT) in 1,395 regularly menstruating women not on hormonal contraceptives or any other hormonal therapy during routine visits to a gynecologic clinic. Nineteen symptoms were divided into four PMT subgroups: PMT-A (anxiety, irritability, mood swings, nervous tension),(More)
The endocrine profile of the midluteal phase was assessed in 29 patients with the post-tubal-ligation syndrome, consisting of pain, bleeding and premenstrual tension. Compared to normal controls, the patients had a high serum estradiol and a low serum progesterone level. This abnormal luteal function may be responsible for the symptoms observed and may also(More)