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Observations that a pancreatic polypeptide-like substance, possibly neuropeptide Y, is present in hypothalamic areas and may coexist with catecholamines prompted evaluation of its role in controlling feeding behavior. Intracerebroventricular administration of 2 or 10 micrograms of human pancreatic polypeptide to ovariectomized rats pretreated with estradiol(More)
Yohimbine hydrochloride, an alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist, increased sexual motivation in male rats as evidenced by increased mounting performance in mating tests conducted after genital anesthetization, increased percentage of male rats ejaculating in their first heterosexual encounter, and induction of copulatory behavior in sexually inactive male rats.(More)
Clonidine, a commonly used antihypertensive agent believed to act by stimulation of central alpha-adrenoceptors, produced a dose-related suppression of ejaculatory behavior in sexually vigorous male rats throughout the range of treatment (0.0125-0.5 mg/kg). Treatment with 0.25 mg/kg virtually eliminated ejaculatory behavior, without altering the number of(More)
Sheared flagella from Giardia lamblia were freed from cytoskeleton fragments and other cell contaminants by centrifuging in a density gradient. The purified organelles contain many polypeptides, including a set of low-molecular-weight antigens [apparent molecular weights (MWs)=31, 32, 34, 35 and 37 kD] in the same size range as the ∼ 30 kD structural(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) has been implicated in the control of ingestive, cardiovascular, and reproductive function. Blood pressure and sexual function were examined in Long-Evans rats receiving 6% ethanol-containing or calorically matched liquid diets, or rat chow ad lib. After 12 weeks of exposure, rats were sacrificed and plasma hormone levels and NPY(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY, 0.47 nmol) and epinephrine (28.9 nmol) evoked robust, and quantitatively similar, increments in food intake and local eating rate following administration into the third cerebral ventricle (IIIV). Whereas IIIV pretreatment with phentolamine (71 nmol), a nonselective alpha-adrenoceptor antagonist, or prazosin (9.5 nmol), a selective(More)
The effects of neuropeptide Y (NPY), a tyrosine-rich peptide found in the rat brain, on feeding and sexual behavior were studied in male and female rats. Intraventricular (ivt) injections of NPY during the final hours of the light period induced feeding in a dose-related manner. While the lowest dose tested (0.02 nM) was without effect, higher doses (0.12,(More)
Methoxamine, an adrenergic agonist with selectivity for the alpha 1-adrenoceptor, when administered intraperitoneally 10 minutes prior to mating tests (1 to 5 mg/kg), effected reductions in the ejaculatory threshold, evidenced by a decrease in the number of intromissions preceding ejaculation. In mounting tests after penile anesthetization, a test which(More)
Selective changes in the mating pattern occurred 30 minutes following administration of RDS-127 (3.0 mg/kg, IP) to sexually experienced adult male rats. Marked decreases in intromission frequency and ejaculation latency were observed. These data indicate a potent effect upon conummatory mechanisms underlying copulatory behavior. The lack of effect upon(More)
Administration of RDS-127 (3.0 mg/kg) induced seminal emission within three minutes of IP injection and suppressed the display of penile reflexes in intact and spinally transected rats. In Experiment 1, RDS-127 was administered to intact, sexually experienced rats in a protocol previously demonstrated to selectively lower the ejaculatory threshold of(More)