John T. Boyer

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Polyamines have been shown to play a role in the growth and survival of several solid tumors, including colorectal cancer. We identified the polyamine catabolic enzyme spermidine/spermine N(1)-acetyltransferase (SSAT) as being one of the most highly inducible genes in two DNA microarray screens to identify novel determinants of response to chemotherapeutic(More)
To elucidate mechanisms of resistance to chemotherapies currently used in the first-line treatment of advanced colorectal cancer, we have developed a panel of HCT116 p53 wild-type (p53(+/+)) and null (p53(-/-)) isogenic colorectal cancer cell lines resistant to the antimetabolite 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), topoisomerase I inhibitor irinotecan (CPT-11), and(More)
DNA microarray analysis was used to analyze the transcriptional profile of HCT116 colorectal cancer cells that were treated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) or oxaliplatin and selected for resistance to these agents. Bioinformatic analyses identified sets of genes that were constitutively dysregulated in drug-resistant cells and transiently altered following(More)
The fluoropyrimidine 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is widely used in the treatment of cancer. To identify novel downstream mediators of tumor cell response to 5-FU, we used DNA microarray technology to identify genes that are transcriptionally activated by 5-FU treatment in the MCF-7 breast cancer cell line. Of 2400 genes analyzed, 619 were up-regulated by >3-fold.(More)
Thymidylate synthase (TS) is a critical target for chemotherapeutic agents such as 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and antifolates such as tomudex (TDX),multitargeted antifolate, and ZD9331. Using the MCF-7 breast cancer line, we have developed p53 wild-type (M7TS90) and null (M7TS90-E6) isogenic lines with inducible TS expression (approximately 6-fold induction(More)
Fas (CD95/Apo-1) is a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor family. Receptor binding results in activation of caspase 8, leading to activation of proapoptotic downstream molecules. We found that expression of Fas was up-regulated >10-fold in MCF-7 breast and HCT116 and RKO colon cancer cell lines after treatment with IC(60) doses of 5-fluorouracil(More)
Thymidylate synthase (TS) is a critical target for chemotherapeutic agents such as 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and antifolates such as tomudex (TDX), multitargeted antifolate, and ZD9331. Using the MCF-7 breast cancer line, we have developed p53 wild-type (M7TS90) and null (M7TS90-E6) isogenic lines with inducible TS expression ( 6-fold induction compared with(More)
Thymidylate synthase (TS) is responsible for the de novo synthesis of thymidylate, which is required for DNA synthesis and repair and which is an important target for fluoropyrimidines such as 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), and antifolates such as Tomudex (TDX), ZD9331, and multitargeted antifolate (MTA). To study the importance of TS expression in determining(More)
Polyamines have been shown to play a role in the growth and survival of several solid tumors, including colorectal cancer. We identified the polyamine catabolic enzyme spermidine/spermine N-acetyltransferase (SSAT) as being one of the most highly inducible genes in two DNA microarray screens to identify novel determinants of response to chemotherapeutic(More)