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Britain, Konfrontasi, and the end of empire in Southeast Asia, 1961–65
In early 1965 Britain had over 60,000 servicemen deployed in the Far East, together with a surface fleet of over eighty warships. The main reason for this extraordinary level of deployment wasExpand
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Confronting Sukarno: British, American, Australian and New Zealand Diplomacy in the Malaysian-Indonesian Confrontation, 1961-5
Preface List of Abbreviations List of Policy Makers Maps Introduction Southeast Asia and the End of Empire, 1961-1963 Confrontation Begins, January-April 1963 Malaysia Established, May-September 1963Expand
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The ANZUS Understanding, October-December 1963
In London, the Macmillan government was very grateful for the strong messages of support it received from both Menzies and Holyoake. Nevertheless, British policy makers knew that, because of theExpand
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Riding the Tiger, January-August 1965
Any hopes the Wilson government may have had of reducing Britain’s military burden in Southeast Asia continued to be frustrated during early 1965 because it was not prepared so to act in the face ofExpand
Two Conflicts — Borneo and Vietnam, January-July 1964
Despite a new president having assumed office, American policy regarding Indonesia remained much the same as it had been since Confrontation began in January 1963. Indeed, Johnson’s first initiativeExpand
Macmillan and East of Suez: The Case of Malaysia
Harold Macmillan assumed the Premiership amid the national trauma resulting from Suez. This crisis - synonymous with the post-war decline of imperial Britain - was an appropriate prelude toExpand
Conclusion: Konfrontasi and the Cold War in Southeast Asia, 1961–1965
In 1960 Southeast Asia was very unstable politically, as the newly independent countries in the region sought constitutional structures to replace those enforced upon them by the former colonialExpand
Malaysia Established, May—September 1963
Despite Britain’s fears, Confrontation did not immediately deterio-rate into an undeclared war between the British, the Malayans and the Indonesians. Indeed, Sukarno appeared conciliatory, personallyExpand
Southeast Asia and the End of Empire, 1961–3
The challenges facing President Kennedy were enormous. European colonialism, confronted by militant Afro-Asian nationalism, was in the process of disintegration. Both the Soviet Union and China wereExpand