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The purpose of this study was to determine the gonadal dose, effective dose and relevant radiogenic risks associated with pediatric patients undergoing voiding cystourethrography (VCUG). Exposure parameters were monitored in 118 consecutive children undergoing VCUG. The entrance surface dose (ESD) was determined by thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs). For(More)
z overscanning in multidetector (MD) helical CT scanning is prerequisite for the interpolation of acquired data required during image reconstruction and refers to the exposure of tissues beyond the boundaries of the volume to be imaged. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of z overscanning on the patient effective dose from helical MD CT(More)
BACKGROUND Symptomatic choledocholithiasis can be treated during pregnancy. Conceptus doses ranged from 0.1 mGy to 3 mGy in previous studies. OBJECTIVE The objectives of the current study were to investigate whether the conceptus dose may exceed the threshold of 10 mGy in the case of a pregnant patient undergoing ERCP, and to provide data for the accurate(More)
Our aim in the present study was to investigate the effects of initial electron beam characteristics on Monte Carlo calculated absorbed dose distribution for a linac 6 MV photon beam. Moreover, the range of values of these parameters was derived, so that the resulted differences between measured and calculated doses were less than 1%. Mean energy, radial(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to determine occupational dose levels for projections commonly used in fluoroscopically guided percutaneous transhepatic biliary (PTB) drainage and stent placement procedures. METHODS Exposure data from 71 consecutive PTB examinations were analyzed to determine average examination parameters for biliary drainage and stent(More)
The objective of this study was to estimate the radiation dose and associated risks resulting from fluoroscopically guided percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with or without stent placement in the abdominal region. Average examination parameters for renal and aortoiliac procedures were derived using data from 80 consecutive procedures performed in our(More)
This paper presents a computerized method for the selection of an irregular region of interest (ROI) in broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) images. A region growing algorithm searches an initial region in the posterior part of the calcaneus until the pixel with the lowest attenuation value is found; this is the starting seed. Then, the algorithm(More)
The current study aimed to: a) utilize Monte Carlo simulation methods for the assessment of radiation doses imparted to all organs at risk to develop secondary radiation induced cancer, for patients undergoing radiotherapy for breast cancer; and b) evaluate the effect of breast size on dose to organs outside the irradiation field. A simulated linear(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of antenatally administered glucocorticoids on bone status of preterm infants at 1 year corrected age. The study population consisted of 32 preterm infants with a gestational age of 24-34 weeks. The infants were divided into two groups according to antenatal exposure to corticosteroids. Quantitative(More)
PURPOSE To estimate radiation dose and associated risks after fluoroscopically guided percutaneous transhepatic biliary (PTB) drainage and stent implantation procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS Organ and effective doses, normalized to dose-area product (DAP), were estimated for PTB procedures with use of a Monte Carlo transport code and an adult(More)