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When compared with a matched population group, 4466 ulcer patients who had had gastric surgery between 1940 and 1960 showed no difference in the risk of death from gastric cancer in the first 20 years of follow-up but a 4.5-fold increase thereafter. In duodenal ulcer patients there was an initial decrease in risk followed by a 3.7-fold increase after 20 or(More)
We performed endoscopy within 24 hours of admission in 292 unselected patients admitted to the hospital for acute gastrointestinal hemorrhage. In 132 patients endoscopy revealed peptic ulcers, and in 117 full examination of the crater was possible. Visible vessels were identified in 56 patients (48 per cent); other stigmata of recent bleeding (such as(More)
The efficacy of Nd-YAG laser photocoagulation in the endoscopic control of haemorrhage from peptic ulcers was shown in a controlled trial. 527 patients admitted consecutively with acute upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage underwent urgent endoscopy. Peptic ulcers were seen in 260. All 138 ulcer patients with stigmata of recent haemorrhage (SRH) accessible to(More)
Of 5018 patients who had undergone gastric surgery at St James Hospital, Balham, at least 25 years ago, death certificates have been received for 2768, whilst 1746 patients are still alive and are flagged (Office of Populations, Censuses and Surveys (OPCS) will notify us of their death and its cause) and only 504 could not be traced. Mortality from cancers(More)
An unselected consecutive series of 826 patients admitted for acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding underwent urgent endoscopy. Peptic ulcers were found in 402 (49%). Of the 329 ulcer craters that could be fully examined, visible vessels were identified in 156 (47%), other stigmata of recent hemorrhage in 66, and no stigmata of recent hemorrhage in 107. One(More)
The efficacy of argon laser photocoagulation in the endoscopic control of haemorrhage from peptic ulcers was tested in a controlled trial at two centres in London. Of 330 patients consecutively admitted with acute upper gastrointestinal tract haemorrhage, 76 were seen at endoscopy to have a peptic ulcer accessible to laser therapy and stigmata of recent(More)
A 24 hour gastric aspiration study was carried out on nine Polya gastrectomy, eight pernicious anaemia, and nine matched control subjects. Intragastric pH, bacteria, nitrite, and N-nitroso compounds were assessed half hourly whilst ambulant and hourly when in bed. Both total and nitrate reducing bacterial counts were positively related to pH (chi 2 = 279.3;(More)
Of 550 patients admitted with acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, 143 with peptic ulcers containing stigmata of recent hemorrhage accessible to endoscopic therapy were included in a randomized comparison of neodymium yttrium aluminum garnet laser, heater probe, and no endoscopic therapy. The rebleeding rate in laser-treated patients (20%) was(More)
The relation between the severity and extent of precancerous lesions in a precancerous condition of the stomach was assessed, to find a means of reducing the endoscopic workload required for the detection of such lesions. 87 subjects who had had gastric surgery for peptic ulcer more than 20 years ago underwent gastric endoscopy and biopsy. Severity of(More)
Palliative treatment of upper gastrointestinal tract obstruction was undertaken by endoscopic laser therapy in 6 patients with carcinoma of the oesophagus or stomach. All had dysphagia for solids on admission and were considered unsuitable for surgery or radiotherapy. Three were in sites unsuitable for placement of an endoscopic prosthesis. The tumours(More)