John Smedley

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A real-time LightCycler assay for Legionella pneumophila was evaluated with 120 water samples potentially contaminated with PCR inhibitors. Results were obtained within five hours, with a detection limit equivalent to 800 cells/L. However, 11 of 22 culture-positive samples containing < 100 CFU/L were also positive by LightCycler assay, indicating the(More)
This paper reviews the requirements and current status of cathodes for accelerator applications, and proposes a research and development plan for advancing cathode technology. Accelerator cathodes need to have long operational lifetimes and produce electron beams with a very low emittance. The two principal emission processes to be considered are thermionic(More)
Abstract Metal photocathodes are commonly used in high-field RF guns because they are robust, straightforward to implement and tolerate relatively poor vacuum compared to semi-conductor cathodes. However these cathodes have low quantum efficiency (QE) even at UV wavelengths, and still require some form of cleaning after installation in the gun. A commonly(More)
The real and imaginary parts of the complex refractive index of SixNyHz have been calculated from first principles. Optical spectra for reflectivity, absorption coefficient, energy-loss function (ELF), and refractive index were obtained. The results for Si3N4 are in agreement with the available theoretical and experimental results. To understand the(More)
The diamond amplifier (DA) is a new device for generating high-current, high-brightness electron beams. Our transmission-mode tests show that, with single-crystal, high-purity diamonds, the peak current density is greater than 400  mA/mm², while its average density can be more than 100  mA/mm². The gain of the primary electrons easily exceeds 200, and is(More)
This paper describes a pulsed electron gun that can be used as an FEL, as an injector for electron linear accelerators or for rf power generation. It comprises a 1 to 5 MeV, 1 to 2 ns pulsed power supply feeding a single diode, photoexcited acceleration gap. Beam quality of a ~ 1nC charge in ~ 1 GV/m field was studied. Computations of the beam parameters as(More)
Thermal emittance is a very important characteristic of cathodes. A carefully designed method of measuring the thermal emittance of secondary emission from diamond is presented. Comparison of possible schemes is carried out by simulation, and the most accessible and accurate method and values are chosen. Systematic errors can be controlled and maintained at(More)
TESLA-FEL Report 2005-09 J. Sekutowicz, J. Iversen, G. Kreps, W.-D. Möller, W. Singer, X. Singer Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Notkestrasse 85, 22603 Hamburg, Germany I. Ben-Zvi, A. Burrill, J. Smedley, T. Rao Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA M. Ferrario* Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Via E. Fermi 40, 00044 Frascati, Italy(More)
We report on the progress and status of an electron RFgun made of two superconductors: niobium and lead [1]. The presented design combines the advantages of the RF performance of bulk niobium superconducting cavities and the reasonably high quantum efficiency of lead. The design of RF-gun and performance of 3 test cavities without and with the emitting lead(More)
Electron emission from the negative electron affinity (NEA) surface of hydrogen terminated, boron doped diamond in the [100] orientation is investigated using angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). ARPES measurements using 16 eV synchrotron and 6 eV laser light are compared and found to show a catastrophic failure of the sudden approximation.(More)