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With a stepwise degradation and terminal labeling procedure the 3'-terminal sequence of E. coli 16S ribosomal RNA is shown to be Pyd-A-C-C-U-C-C-U-U-A(OH). It is suggested that this region of the RNA is able to interact with mRNA and that the 3'-terminal U-U-A(OH) is involved in the termination of protein synthesis through base-pairing with terminator(More)
The mechanism by which the estrogen receptor and other steroid hormone receptors regulate gene expression in eukaryotic cells is not well understood. In this study, a complementary DNA clone containing the entire translated portion of the messenger RNA for the estrogen receptor from MCF-7 human breast cancer cells was sequenced and then expressed in Chinese(More)
Recombinant bacterial plasmids have been constructed that contain complementary DNA prepared from rat islets of Langerhans messenger RNA. Three plasmids contain cloned sequences representing the complete coding region of rat proinsulin I, part of the preproinsulin I prepeptide, and the untranslated 3' terminal region of the mRNA. A fourth plasmid contains(More)
The GALR1 galanin receptor is expressed at high levels within the central nervous system. To determine which specific actions of galanin are mediated by GALR1, we have developed mice with an insertional inactivating mutation within the gene encoding GALR1 (Galr1). Homozygous Galr1-/- mice are viable and capable of breeding. They exhibit no significant(More)
Prolactin (Prl), growth hormone, and chorionic sommatomammotropin form a set (the "Prl set") of hormones which is thought to have evolved from a common ancestral gene. This assumption is based on several lines of evidence: overlap in their biological and immunological properties, similarities in their amino acid sequences, and homologies in the nucleic acid(More)
Complementary DNA clones encoding the human vitamin D receptor have been isolated from human intestine and T47D cell cDNA libraries. The nucleotide sequence of the 4605-base pair (bp) cDNA includes a noncoding leader sequence of 115 bp, a 1281-bp open reading frame, and 3209 bp of 3' noncoding sequence. Two polyadenylylation signals, AATAAA, are present 25(More)
A novel receptor cDNA was isolated from a human hippocampal cDNA library. The encoded polypeptide contains structural features consistent with its classification as a G protein-coupled receptor and shares 45% homology with the human A1 and A2a adenosine receptors. Chinese hamster ovary K1 cells expressing this receptor showed marked stimulation of adenylate(More)
The neuropeptide galanin coexists with norepinephrine and serotonin in neural systems mediating emotion. Previous findings suggested that galanin modulates anxiety-related behaviors in rodents. Three galanin receptor subtypes have been cloned; however, understanding their functions has been limited by the lack of galanin receptor subtype-selective ligands.(More)