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This study investigated relationships between a microscale neural probe's size and shape and its chronic reactive tissue response. Parylene-based probes were microfabricated with a thick shank (48 microm by 68 microm) and an integrated thin lateral platform (5 microm by 100 microm, either solid or one of three lattice sizes). Devices were implanted in rat(More)
BACKGROUND With the advent of newborn hearing screening programs, the need to verify the fit of hearing aids in young infants has increased. The recording of cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEPs) for this purpose is quite feasible, but rapid developmental changes that affect response morphology and the presence of electrophysiological noise can make(More)
Finding ways to evaluate the success of hearing aid fittings in young infants has increased in importance with the implementation of hearing screening programs. Cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEP) can be recorded in infants and provides evidence for speech detection at the cortical level. The validity of this technique as a tool of hearing aid(More)
The detection of adult cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEPs) can be challenging when the stimulus is just audible. The effectiveness of a statistic compared with expert examiners in (1) detecting the presence of CAEPs when stimuli were present, and (2) reporting the absence of CAEPs when no stimuli were present, was investigated. CAEPs recorded from(More)
A new parylene-based microfabrication process is presented for neural recording and drug delivery applications. We introduce a large design space for electrode placement and structural flexibility with a six mask process. By using chemical mechanical polishing, electrode sites may be created top-side, back-side, or on the edge of the device having three(More)
OBJECTIVE Subcellular-sized chronically implanted recording electrodes have demonstrated significant improvement in single unit (SU) yield over larger recording probes. Additional work expands on this initial success by combining the subcellular fiber-like lattice structures with the design space versatility of silicon microfabrication to further improve(More)
SecurityEmpire is a new multiplayer computer game to teach cybersecurity concepts to high school students. We describe the design and implementation of SecurityEmpire, explain how it teaches security concepts, share preliminary evaluative data from students and teachers, and describe our experiences with developing, fielding, and evaluating this educational(More)
We wished to quantify, in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), the activity of the respiratory muscles in relation to upper airway occlusion and patency in sleep. We hypothesized that particular levels of neuromuscular activation are directly associated with upper airway patency. 21 patients with previously diagnosed OSA and 21 healthy control(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have demonstrated that cortical auditory-evoked potentials (CAEPs) can be reliably elicited in response to speech stimuli in listeners wearing hearing aids. It is unclear, however, how close to the aided behavioral threshold (i.e., at what behavioral sensation level) a sound must be before a cortical response can reliably be(More)
Maximizing the potential of optogenetic approaches in deep brain structures of intact animals requires optical manipulation of neurons at high spatial and temporal resolutions, while simultaneously recording electrical data from those neurons. Here, we present the first fiber-less optoelectrode with a monolithically integrated optical waveguide mixer that(More)