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The pharmacokinetics and thermal antinociceptive effects of buprenorphine after intravenous (i.v.) or oral transmucosal (OTM) administration were studied in six adult cats. Plasma buprenorphine concentrations were measured using radioimmunoassay in a crossover study after a dose of 20 microg/kg given by the i.v. or OTM route. Oral pH was measured. Blood for(More)
The disposition kinetics of propofol have been determined in 12 patients (six female) receiving propofol 2.5 mg kg-1 for induction of anaesthesia, which was maintained with 67% nitrous oxide in oxygen and 1-1.5% halothane. Peripheral blood samples were collected at selected times up to 8 h after the injection of the drug, and whole blood propofol(More)
Pharmacokinetics and some pharmacological effects of anaesthesia induced by a combination of detomidine, ketamine and guaiphenesin were investigated in eight ponies. Cardiopulmonary function was studied and plasma met-enkephalin, dynorphin, beta-endorphin, arginine vasopressin, adrenocorticotrophin, cortisol, 11-deoxycortisol and catecholamine(More)
Pharmacokinetics of morphine, buprenorphine and pethidine were determined in 10 cats. Six cats received morphine (0.2 mg/kg) intravenously and four intramuscularly. Five received buprenorphine (0.01 mg/kg) intravenously and six intramuscularly. Six received pethidine (5 mg/kg) intramuscularly. Jugular venous blood samples were collected at time points to 24(More)
The plasma concentration of buprenorphine was measured by radioimmunoassay in six female cats after the administration of 0.01 mg/kg (0.033 ml/kg) buprenorphine hydrochloride solution into the side of the cat's mouth. Blood samples were taken through a preplaced jugular catheter before and one, two, four, six, 10, 15, 30, 45 and 60 minutes, and two, four,(More)
Plasma concentrations after intravenous morphine were measured by a specific radioimmunoassay method in patients undergoing renal transplantation and in control subjects. In both transplant patients and controls, plasma morphine fell in the first 10 min, but there was no significant further fall in the transplant patients until between 3 and 5 hr, when(More)
The hemodynamic effects of methohexital, at infusion rates of 60-65 and 120 micrograms/kg/min with concomitant inhalation of 67% nitrous oxide in oxygen, have been studied during spontaneous and controlled ventilation in 8 patients. Under most of the conditions studied methohexital infusion anesthesia was associated with lower arterial pressure (-13% to(More)
We have previously demonstrated that the peri-operative measurement of increased serum concentrations of the cardiac markers troponins I and T and creatine kinase-MB can be predictors of major cardiovascular outcomes (including cardiac death) at 3 months after surgery. In the present study, we have followed the postoperative course of 157 patients(More)