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BACKGROUND Chronic pain is a significant problem for many individuals following spinal cord injury (SCI). Unfortunately, SCI-related neuropathic pain has proven to be largely refractory to analgesic medications and other available treatments. Cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) has been effective in managing some types of pain. It involves the(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a basic pain data set (International Spinal Cord Injury Basic Pain Data Set, ISCIPDS:B) within the framework of the International spinal cord injury (SCI) data sets that would facilitate consistent collection and reporting of pain in the SCI population. SETTING International. METHODS The ISCIPDS:B was developed by a working group(More)
The developmental trajectories of health outcomes in caregivers of patients with spinal cord injuries (SCIs) were studied as a function of caregiver and patient characteristics. Hierarchical linear modeling analysis examined (a) intraindividual developmental patterns of depressive behavior, anxiety, and physical symptoms over the 1st year of the caregiving(More)
Cognitive deficits are common among patients with acute spinal cord injury (SCI), but reported prevalence figures vary because of different methods of study. Factors associated with cognitive deficits in patients with SCI include age, educational background, history of learning disability, chronic alcohol and substance abuse, and concomitant or recurrent(More)
The relationship between persistent pain in spinal cord injury and medical-descriptive, demographic, psychological and familial-social data was studied. Multiple linear regression and discriminant analysis were used to predict (1) presence or absence of pain; (2) severity of pain; (3) time post-injury onset of pain; (4) whether or not pain interfered with(More)
Review of the chronic pain literature reveals that there have been few systematic attempts to devise rating scales which reliably and/or validly quantify pain behavior. The UAB Pain Behavior Scale was designed so that it could be administered rapidly by a variety of pain team personnel without sacrificing interrater reliability. The scale is described along(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the predictive utility of verbal descriptors to distinguish between pain types following spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN Cross-sectional. SETTING USA. METHODS Participants (n=29) completed the Short Form - McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) for each pain site reported. A total of 64 pain sites were reported with 80% of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the psychometric properties of a subset of International Spinal Cord Injury Basic Pain Data Set (ISCIBPDS) items that could be used as self-report measures in surveys, longitudinal studies and clinical trials. SETTING Community. METHODS A subset of the ISCIBPDS items and measures of two validity criteria were administered in a(More)
STUDY DESIGN Videotape rating by independent viewers. OBJECTIVE To determine the test-retest reliability of the Donovan spinal cord injury (SCI) pain classification scheme. SETTING Rehabilitation Centre, Alabama, USA. METHODS A total of 28 individuals with SCI reported 60 pain sites. A structured interview and physical exam were used to illicit(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the interrater reliability of the International Association for the Study of Pain and Tunks' spinal cord injury pain classification schemes. METHODS A total of 64 pain sites reported by 29 individuals were classified using International Association for the Study of Pain and Tunks' classification schemes. Three raters independently(More)