John Schiefelbein

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The control of cell fate was investigated in the root epidermis of Arabidopsis thaliana. Two distinct types of differentiated epidermal cells are normally present: root-hair-bearing cells and hairless cells. In wild-type Arabidopsis roots, epidermal cell fate was found to be correlated with cell position, with root-hair cells located over radial walls(More)
The role of the Arabidopsis homeobox gene, GLABRA 2 (GL2), in the development of the root epidermis has been investigated. The wild-type epidermis is composed of two cell types, root-hair cells and hairless cells, which are located at distinct positions within the root, implying that positional cues control cell-type differentiation. During the development(More)
The formation of the root epidermis of Arabidopsis provides a simple and elegant model for the analysis of cell patterning. A novel gene, WEREWOLF (WER), is described here that is required for position-dependent patterning of the epidermal cell types. The WER gene encodes a MYB-type protein and is preferentially expressed within cells destined to adopt the(More)
Little is known about the way developmental cues affect how cells interpret their environment. We characterized the transcriptional response to high salinity of different cell layers and developmental stages of the Arabidopsis root and found that transcriptional responses are highly constrained by developmental parameters. These transcriptional changes lead(More)
The Arabidopsis root produces a position-dependent pattern of hair-bearing and hairless cell types during epidermis development. Five loci (TRANSPARENT TESTA GLABRA [TTG], GLABRA2 [GL2], ROOT HAIR DEFECTIVE6 [RHD6], CONSTITUTIVE TRIPLE RESPONSE1 [CTR1], and AUXIN RESISTANT2 [AXR2]) and the plant hormones ethylene and auxin have been reported to affect the(More)
The position-dependent specification of the hair and non-hair cell types in the Arabidopsis root epidermis provides a simple model for the study of cell fate determination in plants. Several putative transcriptional regulators are known to influence this cell fate decision. Indirect evidence from studies with the maize R gene has been used to suggest that a(More)
A genetic analysis of root development in Arabidopsis thaliana has identified mutants that have abnormal morphogenesis. Four of these root morphogenesis mutants show dramatic alterations in post-embryonic root development. The short-root mutation results in a change from indeterminate to determinate root growth and the loss of internal root cell layers. The(More)
Root-hair initiation in Arabidopsis thaliana provides a model for studying cell polarity and its role in plant morphogenesis. Root hairs normally emerge at the apical end of root epidermal cells, implying that these cells are polarized. We have identified a mutant, rhd6, that displays three defects: (a) a reduction in the number of root hairs, (b) an(More)
The development of trichomes and root hairs in Arabidopsis provide useful models for the study of cell fate determination in plants. A common network of putative transcriptional regulators, including the small MYB proteins TRIPTYCHON (TRY) and CAPRICE (CPC), is known to influence the patterning of both cell types. Here, we used an activation tagging(More)
The root epidermis of Arabidopsis provides an exceptional model for studying the molecular basis of cell fate and differentiation. To obtain a systems-level view of root epidermal cell differentiation, we used a genome-wide transcriptome approach to define and organize a large set of genes into a transcriptional regulatory network. Using cell fate mutants(More)