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The ability of aphasic patients to produce words from the grammatical classes of nouns and verbs was investigated in tasks that elicited these types of words in isolation. Eleven chronic aphasic patients produced nouns and verbs in picture naming, videotaped scene naming, sentence completion, naming from definition, and oral reading. Comprehension of the(More)
Sentence comprehension and production were evaluated for 10 chronic aphasic patients who have been shown to demonstrate one of three patterns in the relative case of retrieval of nouns and verbs. Although these patterns of noun/verb production were not entirely predictable from patients' clinical classifications, they were found here to be significantly(More)
We propose a new taxonomy for perseveration consisting of three categories which are distinctive at the levels of clinical features, process, and neuroanatomy. Stuck-in-set perseveration, the inappropriate maintenance of a current category or framework, involves an underlying process deficit in executive functioning and is related neuroanatomically to(More)
We tested a new taxonomy of perseverative behavior consisting of three categories: (1) repetition of a previous response to a subsequent stimulus (recurrent), (2) inappropriate maintenance of a category of activity (stuck-in-set), and (3) abnormal prolongation of a current activity (continuous). Three groups of neurologically impaired subjects (with(More)
We developed a battery of tests to evaluate the relationship of perseveration to aphasia, and tested 44 subjects (18 with aphasia, 13 with right hemispheric lesions, 13 normal controls). Several major findings emerged: left hemispheric, posteriorly located, aphasia producing lesions also produced abundant perseverations, both verbal and non-verbal, which(More)
We describe a brain-damaged patient who produced two distinctive forms of confabulation, typical and atypical (aphasic), both of which were associated with perseveration, poor self-monitoring, and denial of deficit. We propose that the typical confabulations are triggered by gaps in memory for the period surrounding the onset of his illness, while the(More)
What are the implications of anatomical localization of component mental operations for cognitive models? In this paper we use the anatomical localizations of visual and auditory word processing that were previously reported from PET studies (Petersen, Fox, Posner, Mintun & Raichle, 1988. We hypothesize that two operations performed simultaneously by the(More)
We studied 8 subjects longitudinally in whom isolated language dysfunction had developed gradually at a mean age of 62.8 years. The language deficits initially displayed by the subjects were characteristic of the syndrome of "progressive aphasia without dementia." By 5 years after onset of progressive aphasia, however, 7 of the 8 subjects additionally had(More)