John S Svendsen

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Primary cultures of cerebral cortical astrocytes and neurons, as well as neurons growing on top of the astrocytes (sandwich co-cultures), were incubated with 1-[13C]glucose or 2-[13C]acetate and in the presence or absence of the glutamine synthetase inhibitor methionine sulfoximine. [13C]NMR spectroscopy at 125 MHz was performed on perchloric acid extracts(More)
The antimicrobial peptide lactoferricin is generated by gastric pepsin cleavage of lactoferrin. We have examined the antimicrobial activity of lactoferricins derived from lactoferrin of human, murine, caprine and bovine origin with minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) against E. coli ATCC 25922 and S. aureus(More)
Cationic antibacterial peptides have been proclaimed as new drugs against multiresistant bacteria. Their limited success so far is partially due to the size of the peptides, which gives rise to unresolved issues regarding administration, bioavailability, metabolic stability, and immunogenicity. We have systematically investigated the minimum antibacterial(More)
Drosophila alcohol dehydrogenase (DADH) is an NAD+-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of alcohols to aldehydes/ketones and that is also able to further oxidize aldehydes to their corresponding carboxylic acids. The structure of the ternary enzyme-NADH-acetate complex of the slow alleloform of Drosophila melanogaster ADH (DmADH-S) was solved at(More)
This review focuses on important structural features affecting the antimicrobial activity of 15-residue derivatives of lactoferricins. Our investigations are based on an alanine-scan of a 15-residue bovine lactoferricin derivative that revealed the absolute necessity of two tryptophan residues for antimicrobial activity. This "tryptophan-effect" was further(More)
A number of peptide analogs derived from the N-terminal alpha-helical region of bovine lactoferrin (LFB 14-31), were designed in order to investigate how deviating numbers and positions of positively charged residues and numbers of aromatic residues affected their activity against prokaryotic, normal and transformed eukaryotic cells. Most of the LFB(More)
A series of synthetic antimicrobial peptidomimetics (SAMPs) have been prepared and found to be highly active against several Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial strains. These derivatives comprise the minimal structural requirements for cationic antimicrobial peptides and showed high selectivity for Gram-negative and/or Gram-positive bacteria compared(More)
A model peptide, FKCRRWQWRMKKLGA, residues 17-31 of bovine lactoferricin, has been subjected to structure-antibacterial activity relationship studies. The two Trp residues are very important for antibacterial activity, and analogue studies have demonstrated the significance of the size, shape and aromatic character of the side chains. In the current study(More)
Lactoferricins are a class of antibacterial peptides isolated after gastric-pepsin digest of the mammalian iron-chelating-protein lactoferrin. For investigation of antibacterial activity, we prepared short synthetic derivatives of bovine, human, caprine, murine and porcine lactoferricins with 15-amino-acid residues of high sequence homology. The peptides(More)
LFM W8 is a synthetic 15-residue lactoferricin derivative (H2N-EKCLRWQWEMRKVGG-COOH), corresponding to residues 16-30 of the mature murine lactoferrin protein except that the asparagine residue in position 8 of the native peptide is replaced with tryptophan. We have previously reported that the two tryptophan residues in positions 6 and 8 are of crucial(More)