John S. Rankin

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The Frank-Starling relationship generally has been examined with filling pressure as the index of preload, resulting in a curvilinear function that plateaus at higher filling pressures. To investigate this relationship further in the intact heart, 32 dogs were chronically instrumented with left ventricular and pleural micromanometers and with regional (10(More)
OBJECTIVE In some respects, outcome reporting in valvular surgery has been hampered by focusing on specific populations, reluctance to publish high-risk subgroups, and possibly skewed or inadequate samples. The goal of this study was to evaluate risk factors for operative mortality comprehensively across the entire spectrum of cardiac valvular procedures(More)
The proinflammatory cytokines have been implicated in mediating myocardial dysfunction associated with myocardial infarction, severe congestive heart failure, and sepsis. We tested the hypothesis that cytokine levels are elevated after uncomplicated coronary artery bypass grafting and associated with episodes of postoperative myocardial ischemia and(More)
Ischemic mitral regurgitation is a serious and increasingly common clinical disorder, but at present, little is known of the associated prognostic implications, especially in specific therapeutic subgroups. Over a 6.5-year period beginning January 1, 1981, postinfarction mitral regurgitation was demonstrated ventriculographically in 2,343 (19%) of 11,748(More)
The concept of an incremental elastic modulus is applied in the quantification of passive elastic stiffness-stress relations of intact heart muscle, and a transmural pressure-volume relation for the left ventricle is subsequently derived in terms of geometry, muscle elasticity, and external pressures to assess their importance. Physiological and clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe outcomes of patients sustaining an acute myocardial infarction complicated by mitral regurgitation managed with contemporary reperfusion therapies. DESIGN Inception cohort case study. Long-term follow-up was obtained in 99% of all patients. SETTING University referral center. PATIENTS A series of 1,480 consecutive patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Operation for infective endocarditis is associated with the highest mortality of any valve disease, with overall rates of in-hospital mortality exceeding 20%. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Adult Cardiac Surgery Database was examined to develop a simple risk scoring system and identify areas for quality improvement. METHODS From 2002 through(More)
The dynamic geometry of the left ventricle was assessed with the use of chronically implanted pulse-transit ultrasonic dimension transducers. The orientation of the transducers allowed the measurement of left ventricular minor and major axis diameters and equatorial wall thickness in the conscious dog. The left ventricle was modeled as a three-dimensional,(More)
In nine conscious, chronically instrumented dogs, ultrasonic dimension transducers measured left ventricular anterior-posterior and septal-free wall minor axis and major axis diameters. Matched micromanometers measured right and left ventricular transmural and transeptal pressures. Ventricular pressures and volumes were varied by inflation of implanted vena(More)