John S. Kenney

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In this report we describe an experimental model of cachexia that fulfills the criteria of an early effect with a small tumor mass not related to the growth rate of the tumor, and progressive wasting of muscle and fat without a detectable loss of appetite. C-26.IVX is a cell line derived from murine colon-26 adenocarcinoma which retains the(More)
Using animal models or healthy volunteers, injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or bacteria causes activation of macrophages with excessive synthesis and secretion of proinflammatory cytokines. Although these models mimic the effects of LPS in the host, they may represent more of an experimental expression of endotoxemia than natural infection itself.(More)
OBJECTIVE Our aim was to compare the value of amniotic fluid tests for the detection of microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity and in the prediction of the amniocentesis-to-delivery interval and neonatal complications in patients with preterm premature rupture of membranes. STUDY DESIGN Amniotic fluid was obtained by transabdominal amniocentesis from(More)
The hydroxyl radical (OH.) scavenger dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) was found to dose-dependently inhibit interleukin 8 (IL-8) production in LPS-stimulated human whole blood. At a concentration of 1% (vol/vol), DMSO blocked IL-8 release by approximately 90% in the presence of 1 microgram/ml LPS at a 24-h time point, but did not affect cell viability or reduce(More)
OBJECTIVE Our goal was to compare the value of amniotic fluid tests in the detection of microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity and in the relationship with the amniocentesis-to-delivery interval and neonatal complications in patients with preterm labor and intact membranes. STUDY DESIGN Amniotic fluid was retrieved by transabdominal amniocentesis from(More)
Interleukin 8 (IL-8) is a recently described cytokine that functions as a potent neutrophil chemoattractant and activator. We sought to examine the link between the generation of reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI) and the regulation of IL-8 gene expression to specifically test the hypothesis that ROI would induce production of IL-8 mRNA and protein. In(More)
TNF, IL-1, and IL-6 are integral components of the cytokine cascade released in the response to inflammatory stimuli such as LPS. IL-8 is produced both in response to LPS as well as TNF and IL-1. The early, local production of TNF and IL-1 may therefore contribute to the subsequent expression of IL-8. This hypothesis was tested using LPS-stimulated human(More)
Cytokines secreted in response to invading micro-organisms are important mediators of detrimental hemodynamic and metabolic changes in the host. To test whether cachectin/TNF plays a role in triggering release of other cytokines in the setting of infection, anesthetized baboons were passively immunized against systemic cachectin/TNF before infusion of a(More)
PROBLEM The purpose of this study was to determine if amniotic fluid concentrations of the interleukin-6 (IL-6) are of value in diagnosis of microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity and in the prediction of failure of tocolysis, preterm delivery and perinatal morbidity and mortality. METHOD Amniotic fluid was obtained by transabdominal amniocentesis from(More)
A growing body of evidence suggests a role for cytokines in the mechanisms responsible for preterm parturition associated with intrauterine infection. Interleukin 6, a polyfunctional cytokine that is secreted by tissues in the feto-maternal interface in response to microbial products, has been implicated in the host response to intrauterine infection. The(More)