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Complementary DNA of the middle-component RNA of the melon strain of squash mosaic comovirus (SqMV) was cloned. Clones containing the coat protein genes were identified by hybridization with a degenerate oligonucleotide synthesized according to the amino acid sequence of a purified peptide fragment of the SqMV large coat protein. A clone containing of 2.5(More)
A lambda ZAP II cDNA library was constructed by cloning cDNA prepared from a high molecular weight double-stranded RNA (dsRNA, ca. 18 kb) isolated from grapevine leafroll associated closterovirus-3 (GLRaV-3) infected tissues. This cDNA library was immuno-screened with GLRaV-3 coat protein specific polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies and three(More)
The approach of pathogen-derived resistance was investigated as a means to develop squash mosaic comovirus (SqMV)-resistant cucurbits. Transgenic squash lines with both coat protein (CP) genes of the melon strain of SqMV were produced and crossed with nontransgenic squash. Further greenhouse, screenhouse and field tests were done with R1 plants from three(More)
The Hawaiian Islands are home to a widespread and diverse population of Citrus tristeza virus (CTV), an economically important pathogen of citrus. In this study, we quantified the genetic diversity of two CTV genes and determined the complete genomic sequence for two strains of Hawaiian CTV. The nucleotide diversity was estimated to be 0.0565 ± 0.0022 for(More)
A Citrus volkameriana tree displaying symptoms similar to citrus leprosis on its leaves and bark was found in Hawaii. Citrus leprosis virus C (CiLV-C)-specific detection assays, however, were negative for all tissues tested. Short, bacilliform virus-like particles were observed by transmission electron microscopy in the cytoplasm of symptomatic leaves but(More)
Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) isolates collected from southern China were characterized by biological indexing on citrus indicators, restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), and bi-directional reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (BD-PCR) analysis of their coat protein (CP) genes. Of the 30 isolates, only two isolates, N3 and N4, did not(More)
The ti plant (Cordyline fruticosa L.) is culturally important throughout most of Polynesia and has considerable economic importance in Hawai’i where the foliage is commonly used in cultural ceremonies as well as food and ornamental industries. In Hawai’i, ringspot symptoms were recently observed on leaves of the common green variety of ti growing in(More)
The nucleotide sequence of Pineapple mealybug wilt associated virus-3 (PMWaV-3) (Closteroviridae: Ampelovirus), spanning seven open reading frames (ORFs) and the untranslatable region of the 3′ end was determined. Based on the amino acid identities with orthologous ORFs of PMWaV-1 (54%–73%) and PMWaV-2 (13%–35%), we propose PMWaV-3 is a new species in the(More)
Harpins encoded by many gram-negative phytopathogenic bacterial hrp genes induce hypersensitive response (HR) and associated defense responses on nonhost plants. Hpa1Xoo and Hpa1Xoc, two harpin proteins from Xanthomonas oryzae pathovars, induce HR when infiltrated into tobacco leaves. N- and C-terminal mutations of Hpa1Xoo and Hpa1Xoc, respectively, were(More)
Maintenance of indeterminacy is fundamental to the generation of plant architecture and a central component of the plant life strategy. Indeterminacy in plants is a characteristic of shoot and root meristems, which must balance maintenance of indeterminacy with organogenesis. The Petunia hybrida HAIRY MERISTEM (HAM) gene, a member of the GRAS family of(More)