John S. Halliday

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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infects more than 170 million people globally and is a leading cause of liver cirrhosis, transplantation and hepatocellular carcinoma. Current gold-standard therapy often fails, has significant side effects in many cases and is expensive. No vaccine is currently available. The fact that a significant proportion of infected people(More)
To the Editor: We report hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection rates in 3 South Pacific island countries—Papua New Guinea (PNG), Fiji, and Kiribati—determined from results of HEV IgG testing. During 2003–2005, specimens were collected from volunteers as part of a study of the epidemiology of viral hepatitis (1,2). Participants recruited were apparently healthy(More)
IL28B host genetic make-up is known to play a critical role in the outcome of genotype 1 hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in the context of both primary infection and therapy. However, the role of IL28B in subtype 3a infection remains unclear, and has not yet been assessed in the UK population where subtype 3a is dominant. In this study, we evaluated the(More)
A protective vaccine against hepatitis C virus (HCV) remains an unmet clinical need. HCV infects millions of people worldwide and is a leading cause of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular cancer. Animal challenge experiments, immunogenetics studies, and assessment of host immunity during acute infection highlight the critical role that effective T cell(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS A distinct clinical phenotype has been demonstrated for ulcerative colitis with concomitant primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). The course and behaviour of Crohn's disease (CD) with PSC has, in contrast, never been defined. We aimed to define the characteristics of patients with concomitant PSC and CD. METHODS The Oxford PSC and IBD(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Normalization of serum alkaline phosphatase (SAP) was recently shown to correlate with better prognosis in Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC). We aimed at evaluating the impact of SAP improvement to below 1.5 the upper limit of normal (ULN) on the prognosis of this cholestatic liver disease. METHODS Oxford PSC database was screened for(More)
Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a chronic, cholestatic liver disease characterized by progressive destruction of the interlobular bile ducts that eventually leads to cirrhosis. Due to its hallmark serological signature, the antimitochondrial antibody (AMA) and similarly associated disease-specific T cell response, PBC is often considered a model(More)
UNLABELLED Adenoviral vectors encoding hepatitis C virus (HCV) nonstructural (NS) proteins induce multispecific, high-magnitude, durable CD4(+) and CD8(+) T-cell responses in healthy volunteers. We assessed the capacity of these vaccines to induce functional HCV-specific immune responses and determine T-cell cross-reactivity to endogenous virus in patients(More)
IFN-γ release by antigen-specific T cells can be used to track immune responses to infections and vaccines. In recent years, there have been substantial advances in the techniques available to measure IFN-γ release and a generation of such assays are now available for clinical use, as well as in a research setting. Interferon release leads to subsequent(More)
The interplay between host antiviral immunity and immunopathology during hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection determines important clinical outcomes. We characterized the specificity, functionality, and durability of host T-cell responses against the full-length HEV virus and assessed a novel "Quantiferon" assay for the rapid diagnosis of HEV infection.(More)