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RNA interference (RNAi) is widely used in Caenorhabditis elegans to identify gene function and has been adapted as a high throughput screening method to identify genes involved in essential processes. We have been examining whether RNAi could also be used on the strongylid parasitic nematode Haemonchus contortus to study gene function. Eleven genes were(More)
Anthelmintic resistance is a major problem for the control of many parasitic nematode species and has become a major constraint to livestock production in many parts of the world. In spite of its increasing importance, there is still a poor understanding of the molecular and genetic basis of resistance. It is unclear which mutations contribute most to the(More)
Many of the Haemonchus contortus isolates currently used for experimental work were originally derived from different regions of the world and are commonly exchanged between laboratories. In most cases, these are largely genetically uncharacterised other than the analyses conducted on specific genes of interest. We have used a panel of eight microsatellite(More)
Cattle ticks are an important constraint on livestock production, particularly in tropical and subtropical areas. Use of synthetic acaricides is the primary method of tick control; therefore, it would be imperative to develop strategies to preserve the efficacy of existing acaricides. This paper summarizes the status of acaricide resistance in cattle ticks(More)
It is important to understand how anthelmintic drug resistance mutations arise and spread in order to determine appropriate mitigation strategies. We hypothesised that a molecular genetic study of Haemonchus contortus in southern India, a region where resistance may be less advanced than in western Europe and North America, might provide some important(More)
Haemonchus populations were collected from cattle from mid-western and eastern Southern US (four and six populations, respectively) to determine the relative prevalence of Haemonchus contortus and Haemonchus placei and the frequency of the three isotype-1 β-tubulin polymorphisms associated with benzimidazole resistance. A minimum of 32 individual adult(More)
The Caenorhabditis elegans cuticle collagens are encoded by a multigene family of between 50 and 100 members and are the major component of the nematode cuticular exoskeleton. They are synthesized in the hypodermis prior to secretion and incorporation into the cuticle and exhibit complex patterns of spatial and temporal expression. We have investigated the(More)
The Caenorhabditis elegans GATA transcription factor genes elt-1 and elt-3 are expressed in the embryonic hypodermis (also called the epidermis). elt-1 is expressed in precursor cells and is essential for the production of most hypodermal cells (22). elt-3 is expressed in all of the major hypodermal cells except the lateral seam cells, and expression is(More)
Anthelmintic resistance is a major problem for the control livestock parasites and a potential threat to the sustainability of community-wide treatment programmes being used to control human parasites in the developing world. Anthelmintic resistance is essentially a complex quantitative trait in which multiple mutations contribute to the resistance(More)
An understanding of genetic variation in parasite populations, and how it is partitioned, is required to underpin many areas of basic and applied research. Population genetic studies on parasitic nematode populations are still in their infancy and have been dominated by the use of single locus markers. We have used a panel of five microsatellite markers to(More)