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Despite the popularity of Na+-binding benzofuran isophthalate (SBFI) to measure intracellular free Na+ concentrations ([Na+](i)), the in situ calibration techniques described to date do not favor the straightforward determination of all of the constants required by the standard equation (Grynkiewicz G, Poenie M, and Tsien RY. J Biol Chem 260: 3440-3450,(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that dye coupling between neurons can be reduced by maneuvers that reduce intracellular pH. However, it is apparent that marked extracellular alkaline- as well as acid-going pH shifts can occur in the mammalian CNS. In light of the fact that an applied change in extracellular pH may produce a damped change in intracellular(More)
Calbindin-D28k (CaBP) immunohistochemistry has been combined with electrophysiological recording and Lucifer Yellow (LY) cell identification in the CA1 region of the rat hippocampal formation. CaBP is shown to be contained within a distinct sub-population of CA1 pyramidal cells which is equivalent to the superficial layer described by Lorente de Nó (1934).(More)
1. We examined the effects of noradrenaline on steady-state intracellular pH (pHi) and the recovery of pHi from internal acid loads imposed by the NH4+ prepulse technique in hippocampal CA1 neurones acutely dissociated from adult rats. 2. Under nominally HCO3--free conditions, acid extrusion was accomplished by a Na+-dependent mechanism, probably the(More)
1. The effects of changes in extra- and intracellular pH (pHo and pHi, respectively) on depolarization-evoked rises in intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and the activity of a Ca2+-dependent K+ channel were investigated in cultured fetal rat hippocampal neurones. 2. In neurones loaded with 2', 7'-bis-(2-carboxyethyl)-5-(and(More)
We report a method for the concurrent measurement of intracellular [Na+] ([Na+ ]i) and pH (pHi) in cells co-loaded with SBFI, a Na+-sensitive fluorophore, and either carboxy SNARF-1 or SNARF-5F, H+-sensitive fluorophores. With the optical filters specified, fluorescence emissions from SBFI and either SNARF derivative were sufficiently distinct to allow the(More)
The ratiometric indicators 2',7'-bis-(2-carboxyethyl)-5-(and-6)-carboxyfluorescein and Fura-2 were employed to examine, respectively, intracellular pH (pHi) and calcium ([Ca2+]i) changes evoked by anoxia in cultured postnatal rat hippocampal neurons at 37 degrees C. Under both HCO3-/CO2- and HEPES-buffered conditions, 3-, 5- or 10-min anoxia induced a(More)
Mechanisms that contribute to Na+ influx during and immediately after 5 min anoxia were investigated in cultured rat hippocampal neurons loaded with the Na+-sensitive fluorophore sodium-binding benzofuran isophthalate. During anoxia, an influx of Na+ in the face of reduced Na+,K+-ATPase activity caused a rise in [Na+]i. After the return to normoxia,(More)
We examined the potential contribution of a voltage-gated proton conductance (gH+) to acid extrusion from cultured postnatal rat hippocampal neurons. In neurons loaded with Ca2+- and/or pH-sensitive fluorophores, transient exposures to 25-139.5 mM external K+ (K+o) or 20 microM veratridine in the presence of 2 mM Ca2+o (extracellular pH (pHo) constant at(More)
The actions of dextromethorphan (DXM) on the 50 pS conductance state of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-operated channel were studied using outside-out patches obtained from cultured rat hippocampal pyramidal neurons. DXM (5-50 microM) had no effect on the amplitudes of unitary currents but caused concentration-dependent reductions in channel mean(More)