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Resistance to isoniazid in Mycobacterium tuberculosis can be mediated by substitution of alanine for serine 94 in the InhA protein, the drug's primary target. InhA was shown to catalyze the beta-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH)-specific reduction of 2-trans-enoyl-acyl carrier protein, an essential step in fatty acid elongation. Kinetic analyses(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that withdrawal from ethanol (EtOH) exposure induces neuronal damage, as indicated by propidium iodide (PI) uptake, in organotypic hippocampal slice cultures. This is prevented by MK801, suggesting that damage is "excitotoxic," resulting from activation of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors by endogenous glutamate.(More)
Pantothenate synthetase (EC, encoded by the panC gene, catalyzes the essential ATP-dependent condensation of D-pantoate and beta-alanine to form pantothenate in bacteria, yeast and plants. Pantothenate synthetase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis was expressed in E. coli, purified to homogeneity, and found to be a homodimer with a subunit molecular(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that the antirelapse drug acamprosate can inhibit or potentiate glutamate/NMDA receptor-mediated responses via a polyamine site. Additionally, subchronic exposure to acamprosate increases expression of some NMDA receptor subunits. These effects on NMDA receptors imply that the drug may have neurotoxic or neuroprotective(More)
Heat shock protein (HSP) 72 is released by cells during stress and injury. HSP-72 also stimulates the release of cytokines in macrophages by binding to Toll-like receptors (TLR) 2 and 4. Circulating levels of HSP-72 increase during hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury. The role of extracellular HSP-72 (eHSP-72) in the injury response to ischemia-reperfusion(More)
The Mycobacterium tuberculosis enzyme Rv2275 catalyzes the formation of cyclo(L-Tyr-L-Tyr) using two molecules of Tyr-tRNA(Tyr) as substrates. The three-dimensional (3D) structure of Rv2275 was determined to 2.0-Å resolution, revealing that Rv2275 is structurally related to the class Ic aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase family of enzymes. Mutagenesis and(More)
The effects of low s.c. doses of gamma-acetylenic gamma-aminobutyric acid (GAG) on glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) and gamma-aminobutyric acid transaminase (GABA-T) activities, as well as of gamma-vinyl GABA (GVG) and gabaculine on GABA-T activities, were examined using preparations from retina and several other regions of rat central nervous system(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) is a well-studied model of liver injury and has demonstrated a biphasic injury followed by recovery and regeneration. Microparticles (MPs) are a developing field of study and these small membrane bound vesicles have been shown to have effector function in other physiologic and pathologic states. This study was(More)
Description: The 2e of this classic Guide to Protein Purification provides a complete update to existing methods in the field, reflecting the enormous advances made in the last two decades. In particular, proteomics, mass spectrometry, and DNA technology have revolutionized the field since the first edition's publication but through all of the advancements,(More)