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Invasive carcinoma of the cervix (ICC) is the second most common cancer in women worldwide. Lm-LLO-E7 vaccine is a live-attenuated Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) that secretes the HPV-16 E7 antigen fused to a non-hemolytic fragment of the Lm protein listeriolysin O (LLO). In this Phase I trial, the safety of Lm-LLO-E7 was assessed in 15 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND One of the significant tumor immune escape mechanisms and substantial barrier for successful immunotherapy is tumor-mediated inhibition of immune response through cell-to-cell or receptor/ligand interactions. Programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1) interaction with its ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2, is one of the important strategies that many tumors(More)
HPV infection is a direct cause of neoplasia and malignancy. Cellular immunologic activity against cells expressing HPV E6 and E7 is sufficient to eliminate the presence of dysplastic or neoplastic tissue driven by HPV infection. Live attenuated Listeria monocytogenes- (Lm-) based immunotherapy (ADXS11-001) has been developed for the treatment of(More)
The X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP), the most potent member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) family of endogenous caspase inhibitors, blocks the initiation and execution phases of the apoptotic cascade. As such, XIAP represents an attractive target for treating apoptosis-resistant forms of cancer. Here, we demonstrate that treatment with(More)
For decades Listeria monocytogenes has been used as a model of host-disease immunology, and a considerable body of knowledge has been amassed regarding the complex immune response to L. monocytogenes. Attenuated strains of L. monocytogenes are currently being assessed as therapeutic bacterial vectors to present tumor-associated antigens to the immune system(More)
Radiation therapy (RT) is an integral part of prostate cancer treatment across all stages and risk groups. Immunotherapy using a live, attenuated, Listeria monocytogenes-based vaccines have been shown previously to be highly efficient in stimulating anti-tumor responses to impact on the growth of established tumors in different tumor models. Here, we(More)
The White-type polysaccharide (WPS), often called Freeman polysaccharide, was obtained by hydrolyzing gram-negative bacteria in 0.2 N acetic acid at 100 degrees C for 2 h. The crude product contained partially degraded O-antigens as well as other components that were active as immune adjuvants, enhancers of macrophage cytotoxicity of tumor target cells, and(More)