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Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a major cause of work-related disability and lost-time illnesses for many occupational groups. This study determined the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms among young construction workers. A symptom and job factors survey was self-administered to 996 construction apprentices. Prevalence was determined by the percent(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the recovery of median nerve sensory nerve action potentials (SNAP) following median nerve provocation in hands with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Repeated nerve conduction measurements were performed before and after wrist flexion combined with resisted finger flexion in 35 hands with a clinical diagnosis of CTS(More)
The effect of overhead drilling tasks on electromyographic (EMG) activity and shoulder joint moment was examined in this study. Twenty subjects simulated an overhead drilling task using a close, middle and far reach position while standing on either a lower or a higher step of a stepladder. Root mean square amplitude (AMP) of EMG activity from the dominant(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the inter- and intra-rater reliability of assessing upper limb postures of workers performing manufacturing tasks. Assessment of neck, shoulder, and wrist postures of 20 manufacturing employees was conducted by two raters observing digital video files using Multimedia Video Task Analysis (MVTA). Generalizability(More)
The purpose of this descriptive study was to examine bicycle pedaling as a model for studying motor control dysfunction in persons with hemiplegia. Results of a kinematic analysis of the involved lower extremity of 10 hemiplegic patients were compared with the lower-extremity kinematic data of 10 "normal" (nonhemiplegic) subjects. Subjects pedaled at a(More)
This project evaluated the feasibility of a new method of collection of electromyographic (EMG) data during working conditions in industry, and quantified the effects of specific job modifications on the EMG activity of selected upper extremity muscle groups. Average root mean square (RMS) surface EMG activity, calibrated to force equivalent units, was(More)
OBJECTIVE To better characterize associations between physical risk factors and upper-extremity musculoskeletal symptoms and disorders, a prospective epidemiologic study of 386 manufacturing workers was performed. BACKGROUND Methodological limitations of previous studies have resulted in inconsistent associations. METHOD An individual, task-based(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to characterize associations between psychosocial and work organizational risk factors and upper-extremity musculoskeletal symptoms and disorders. BACKGROUND Methodological limitations of previous studies of psychosocial and work organizational risk factors and musculoskeletal outcomes have produced inconsistent(More)
Although under-reporting of work-related injuries by workers is recognized as a significant problem in construction and other industries, little is known about the specific reasons for such occurrences. Qualitative and quantitative methods were used in this study to (a) identify reasons why construction workers may choose not to report work-related(More)