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Polymers are synthetic organic materials having a high carbon and hydrogen content, which make them readily combustible. Polymers have many indoor uses and their flammability makes them a fire hazard. Therefore, flame retardants (FRs) are incorporated into these materials as a safety measure. Brominated flame retardants (BFRs), which accounted for about 21%(More)
There is a tendency to substitute frequently used, but relatively hazardous brominated flame retardants (BFRs) with halogen-free flame retardants (HFFRs). Consequently, information on the persistence, bioaccumulation and toxicity (PBT) of these HFFRs is urgently needed, but large data gaps and inconsistencies exist. Therefore, in the present study the(More)
Relatively hazardous brominated flame retardants (BFRs) are currently substituted with halogen-free flame retardants (HFFRs). Consequently, information on their persistence, bioaccumulation and toxicity (PBT) is urgently needed. Therefore, we investigated the chronic toxicity to the water flea Daphnia magna of two HFFRs, aluminum diethylphosphinate (ALPI)(More)
Quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSARs) between biodegradation rates of organic compounds and chemical structure parameters are reviewed. Although a number of such relationships have been developed, they in general only apply to restricted ranges of compounds, limiting their value as predictors of biodegradation rates. For many of these(More)
We examined the biotransformation of several azaarenes to get information on their rate of removal from contaminated soil by cometabolic degradation. Acridine, 9-methyl-acridine, phenanthridine, benzo[f]quinoline, and benzo[h]quinoline were found to be cometabolized by phenanthrene-degrading Sphingomonas sp. strain LH128. The transformation of acridine and(More)
In this paper we aim at summarizing the current definitions of resilience in systems ecology with particular attention towards microbial systems. The recent advances of biomolecular techniques have provided scientists with new tools to investigate these systems in greater detail and with higher resolution. Therefore existing concepts and hypotheses have(More)
The ability of indigenous bacteria to anaerobically degrade monoaromatic hydrocarbons has received attention as a potential strategy to remediate polluted aquifers. Despite the fact that iron-reducing conditions are often dominating in contaminated sediment, most of the studies have focussed on degradation of this class of pollutants with other terminal(More)
An induction generator an induction motor which is driven above its synchronous speed byasuitable prime mover and is provided with source sufficient reactive power for excitation. The simplicity, reliability, and low cost of the induction generator makeit well suited for many Industrial cogeneration applications. A brief review is presented of the basic(More)
Although nanoparticles are being increasingly used in consumer products, the risks they may pose to the environment and to human health remain largely unknown. One important reason for this is the lack of quantitative techniques for identifying and measuring the amount of nanomaterials in environmentally relevant circumstances. Such techniques should also(More)
The uptake kinetics of fluorene, phenanthrene, fluoranthene, pyrene, and benzo[e]pyrene by solid-phase microextraction fibers was studied in the presence of dissolved organic matter (DOM) obtained from sediment pore water and resulted in increased fiber absorption and desorption rate coefficients. Compared to the control without DOM, these rate coefficients(More)