Learn More
An inhibitor of the high conductance, Ca2(+)-activated K+ channel (PK,Ca) has been purified to homogeneity from venom of the scorpion Buthus tamulus by a combination of ion exchange and reversed-phase chromatography. This peptide, which has been named iberiotoxin (IbTX), is one of two minor components of the crude venom which blocks PK,Ca. IbTX consists of(More)
Tremorgenic indole alkaloids produce neurological disorders (e.g., staggers syndromes) in ruminants. The mode of action of these fungal mycotoxins is not understood but may be related to their known effects on neurotransmitter release. To determine whether these effects could be due to inhibition of K+ channels, the interaction of various indole diterpenes(More)
Charybdotoxin (ChTX), a K+ channel blocker, depolarizes human peripheral T lymphocytes and renders them insensitive to activation by mitogen. We observed four types of K+ channels in human T cells: one voltage-activated, and three Ca(2+)-activated. To discern the mechanism by which ChTX depolarizes T cells, we examined the sensitivity of both the(More)
A "skinning%" procedure is described for irreversibly disrupting the sarcolemmal membrane of human skeletal muscle and allowing calcium and other diffusible solutes (such as adenosine triphosphate) access to the myofilament space. Single skinned fibers give isometric tensions of about 1.5 kilograms per square centimeter when exposed to ionized calcium event(More)
Tension outputs were measured in skinned crayfish muscle fibers exposed to solutions variously buffered for both Mg-adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and Ca. Two types of data are shown, relating tension and substrate concentration with different levels of Ca present, or tension and calcium concentration at different levels of substrate. The data are fitted by(More)
Charybdotoxin (ChTX), a protein present in the venom of the scorpion Leiurus quinquestriatus var. hebraeus, has been purified to homogeneity by a combination of ion-exchange and reversed-phase chromatography. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, amino acid analysis, and complete amino acid sequence determination of the pure protein reveal that it consists of(More)
Large-conductance calcium-dependent potassium (maxi-K) channels play an important role in regulating the tone of airway smooth muscle and the release of bronchoconstrictive substances from nerves in the lung. Crude extracts of Desmodium adscendens, a medicinal herb used in Ghana as a treatment for asthma, inhibit binding of monoiodotyrosine charybdotoxin(More)
Tetrandrine, a bis-benzylisoquinoline alkaloid derived from the Chinese medicinal herb Stephania tetrandra, is a putative Ca2+ entry blocker whose mechanism of action is unknown. To investigate this mechanism, the effects of tetrandrine were characterized on binding of three chemical classes of Ca2+ entry blockers in cardiac sarcolemmal membrane vesicles.(More)
The nonionic detergent Brij 58 eliminates irreversibly the capability of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) of skinned crayfish muscle fibers to sequester Ca and to release it under appropriate stimulation. In contrast to deoxycholate (DOC) which causes an irreversible diminution of tension as well, Brij 58 does not affect the contractile proteins. Comparison(More)