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Biases in social comparative judgments: the role of nonmotivated factors in above-average and comparative-optimism effects.
Biases in social comparative judgments, such as those illustrated by above-average and comparative-optimism effects, are often regarded as products of motivated reasoning (e.g., self-enhancement).Expand
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Conservatives are happier than liberals, but why? Political ideology, personality, and life satisfaction
Political conservatives are happier than liberals. We proposed that this happiness gap is accounted for by specific attitude and personality differences associated with positive adjustment and mentalExpand
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Ideology and Prejudice
In three studies, we tested whether prejudice derives from perceived similarities and dissimilarities in political ideologies (the value-conflict hypothesis). Across three diverse samples in Study 1,Expand
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Egocentrism, Event Frequency, and Comparative Optimism: When what Happens Frequently is “More Likely to Happen to Me”
Three studies investigated the role of nonmotivated egocentric processes in comparative optimism (and pessimism). According to an egocentric-processes account, when people judge their com-parativeExpand
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The Ideological-Conflict Hypothesis
Decades of research in social and political psychology have demonstrated that political conservatives appear more intolerant toward a variety of groups than do political liberals. Recent work fromExpand
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Better Off Than We Know
Three studies examined Americans’ perceptions of incomes and income inequality using a variety of criterion measures. Contrary to recent findings indicating that Americans underestimate wealthExpand
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Why Do I Hate Thee? Conflict Misperceptions and Intergroup Mistrust
Members of partisan social groups often exaggerate how much their own opinions differ from those of their rivals. In the present two studies, partisans estimated their own and their rivals' attitudesExpand
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Perceptions of U.S. Social Mobility Are Divided (and Distorted) Along Ideological Lines
The ability to move upward in social class or economic position (i.e., social mobility) is a defining feature of the American Dream, yet recent public-opinion polls indicate that many Americans areExpand
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Perceiving Political Polarization in the United States
An important component of political polarization in the United States is the degree to which ordinary people perceive political polarization. We used over 30 years of national survey data from theExpand
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The Rational Side of Egocentrism in Social Comparisons
Prior work has found that when people compare themselves with others they egocentrically focus on their own strengths and contributions and pay less attention to strengths and contributions of theExpand
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