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Proteins associated with autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (polycystin-1, polycystin-2, and fibrocystin) localize to various subcellular compartments, but their functional site is thought to be on primary cilia. PC1+ vesicles surround cilia in Pkhd1(del2/del2) mice, which led us to analyze these structures in detail. We(More)
Chronic liver disease is a world-wide problem that causes progressive hepatic fibrosis as a hallmark of progressive injury. At present, the gold standard for diagnosing hepatic fibrosis is liver biopsy, which is an invasive method with many limitations, including questionable accuracy and risks of complications. MR elastography (MRE), a phase-contrast MRI(More)
OBJECTIVES Functional blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) magnetic resonance imaging is a powerful tool to assess renal function, but BOLD analysis using T2* image differentiation of cortex and medulla is laborious and prone to errors. We developed and validated an alternative compartmental analysis method to differentiate renal cortical and medullary(More)
AIMS The mechanisms mediating kidney injury and repair in humans with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS) remain poorly understood. We hypothesized that the stenotic kidney releases inflammatory mediators and recruits progenitor cells to promote regeneration. METHODS AND RESULTS Essential hypertensive (EH) and ARAS patients (n=24 each) were(More)
Revascularization improves blood pressure but not renal function in most patients with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS), possibly related to injury incurred during renal reperfusion. Bendavia, a novel tetrapeptide that inhibits mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening, reduces apoptosis, oxidative stress, and ischemia-reperfusion(More)
BACKGROUND Renovascular hypertension (RVH) is characterized by chronic inflammation of the stenotic kidney and progressive renal dysfunction. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), an acute phase protein induced in inflammatory conditions and ischemia, is a novel biomarker for acute kidney injury. We hypothesized that chronic RVH would be(More)
  • X.-Y Z, Cardiovascular Diseases, +13 authors Black Eh Patients
  • 2013
B lack individuals have a higher incidence and prevalence of essential hypertension (EH) compared with whites. 1 Furthermore, morbidity and mortality rates are higher in black EH compared with white EH patients. Over the past decade, factors suggested to explain this ethnic disparity included dietary habits, obesity, and insulin resistance. 4 Augmented(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish and characterize a novel domestic porcine model of obesity. METHODS Fourteen domestic pigs were fed normal (lean, n=7) or high-fat/high-fructose diet (obese, n=7) for 16 weeks. Subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue biopsies were obtained after 8, 12, and 16 weeks of diet, and pericardial adipose tissue after 16 weeks, for(More)
AIMS The mechanisms responsible for renal injury in atherosclerotic renovascular disease (ARVD) are incompletely understood, and few therapeutic options are available to reverse it. We hypothesized that chronic renal damage involves mitochondrial injury, and that mitochondrial protection would reduce renal fibrosis and dysfunction in ARVD pigs. METHODS(More)
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) isolated from mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) contribute to recovery of damaged tissue. We have previously shown that porcine MSC-derived EVs transport mRNA and miRNA capable of modulating cellular pathways in recipient cells. To identify candidate factors that contribute to the therapeutic effects of porcine MSC-derived(More)