John R. Woollard

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Proteins associated with autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (polycystin-1, polycystin-2, and fibrocystin) localize to various subcellular compartments, but their functional site is thought to be on primary cilia. PC1+ vesicles surround cilia in Pkhd1(del2/del2) mice, which led us to analyze these structures in detail. We(More)
Mutations in the PKHD1 gene, which encodes fibrocystin, cause autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD). Unfortunately, the lack of specific antibodies to the mouse protein impairs the study of splicing, post-translational processing, shedding, and temporal and spatial expression of endogenous fibrocystin at the cellular and subcellular level.(More)
OBJECTIVE Transition from obesity to metabolic-syndrome (MetS) promotes cardiovascular diseases, but the underlying cardiac pathophysiological mechanisms are incompletely understood. We tested the hypothesis that development of insulin resistance and MetS is associated with impaired myocardial cellular turnover. METHODS AND RESULTS MetS-prone Ossabaw pigs(More)
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with glomerular hyperfiltration and is a risk factor for chronic kidney disease, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly defined. This study tested the hypothesis that increased glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in early MetS is associated with renal adiposity and microvascular proliferation. Twelve MetS-prone Ossabaw(More)
The autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) gene, PKHD1, has been implicated in the genesis or growth of colorectal adenocarcinoma, as a high level of somatic mutations was found in colorectal tumor tissue. To determine whether carriers of a single PKHD1 mutation are at increased risk of colorectal carcinoma, we assessed the prevalence of the(More)
Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is caused by mutations in the polycystic kidney and hepatic disease (PKHD1) gene encoding the protein fibrocystin/polyductin. The aim of our study was to produce a mouse model of ARPKD in which there was no functional fibrocystin/polyductin to study the pathophysiology of cystic and fibrocystic disease(More)
OBJECTIVES Magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) can noninvasively sample tissue stiffness in vivo. Renal fibrosis secondary to renal artery stenosis (RAS), which is aggravated in atherosclerotic RAS (ARAS), may increase its stiffness. An increase in cortical stiffness in vivo can be masked by intrinsic hemodynamic determinants, whereas renal medullary(More)
BACKGROUND Renovascular hypertension (RVH) is characterized by chronic inflammation of the stenotic kidney and progressive renal dysfunction. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), an acute phase protein induced in inflammatory conditions and ischemia, is a novel biomarker for acute kidney injury. We hypothesized that chronic RVH would be(More)
OBJECTIVES Functional blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) magnetic resonance imaging is a powerful tool to assess renal function, but BOLD analysis using T2* image differentiation of cortex and medulla is laborious and prone to errors. We developed and validated an alternative compartmental analysis method to differentiate renal cortical and medullary(More)
OBJECTIVES Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging is a powerful tool to assess renal morphology. However, its quantitative index, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), derived from a conventional monoexponential model can vary with both functional and structural alterations as well as the choice of b values. In contrast, the intravoxel incoherent(More)