John R. Warmington

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The essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) exhibits broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity. Its mode of action against the Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli AG100, the Gram-positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus NCTC 8325, and the yeast Candida albicans has been investigated using a range of methods. We report that exposing these(More)
The role of microbial urease in calcite precipitation was studied utilizing a recombinant Escherichia coli HB101 containing a plasmid, pBU11, that encodes Bacillus pasteurii urease. The calcite precipitation by E. coli HB101 (pBU11) was significant although its precipitation level was not as high as that by B. pasteurii. Addition of low concentrations(More)
Sera from 76 immunocompetent and 293 immunocompromised subjects were assayed for anti-Candida antibodies. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for invasive candidiasis were 74%, 75%, 62%, and 84% in the immunocompetent group and 15%, 60%, 1.7%, and 93% in the immunocompromised group, respectively. Syscan3(More)
Tea tree oil (TTO) stimulates autolysis in exponential and stationary phase cells of Escherichia coli. Electron micrographs of cells grown in the presence of TTO showed the loss of electron dense material, coagulation of cell cytoplasm and formation of extracellular blebs. Stationary phase cells demonstrated less TTO-stimulated autolysis and also had(More)
The region of Saccharomyces cerevisiae chromosome III centromere-distal to the PGK gene is the site of frequent chromosome polymorphisms. We have sequenced this region from fragments of chromosome III isolated from three different yeast strains, GRF88, CN31C and CF4-16B. The sequence analysis demonstrates that these polymorphisms are associated with the(More)
Antibody to an immunodominant antigen of approximately 48 kDa is found in a high proportion of patients with mucocutaneous or systemic infections of the yeast Candida albicans. A cDNA encoding part of the 48 kDa antigen has been isolated. From the deduced amino acid sequence of the cDNA clone, the 48 kDa antigen shows homology to the enzyme enolase.
The small ring derivative of Saccharomyces cerevisiae chromosome III, which was formed by a cross-over between HML on the left arm and HMR on the right arm, contains three Ty elements. The class II element Ty 1-17 lies immediately centromere-distal to LEU2 on the left arm while two class I elements are tandemly arranged distal to PGK on the right arm. We(More)
We have determined the nucleotide sequence of a class II yeast transposon (Ty 1-17) which is found just centromere-distal to the LEU2 structural gene on chromosome III of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The complete element is 5961 bp long and is bounded by two identical, directly repeated, delta sequences of 332 bp each. The sequence organization indicates that(More)
The 48 kDa glycolytic enzyme, enolase, has been identified as an immunodominant antigen in Candida albicans infections. It has also been identified as an important fungal allergen. Enolase from a number of medically important Candida species has been purified using a two-step anion- and cation-exchange chromatography method that was preceded by an organic(More)