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The essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) exhibits broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity. Its mode of action against the Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli AG100, the Gram-positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus NCTC 8325, and the yeast Candida albicans has been investigated using a range of methods. We report that exposing these(More)
Tea tree oil (TTO) stimulates autolysis in exponential and stationary phase cells of Escherichia coli. Electron micrographs of cells grown in the presence of TTO showed the loss of electron dense material, coagulation of cell cytoplasm and formation of extracellular blebs. Stationary phase cells demonstrated less TTO-stimulated autolysis and also had(More)
The role of microbial urease in calcite precipitation was studied utilizing a recombinant Escherichia coli HB101 containing a plasmid, pBU11, that encodes Bacillus pasteurii urease. The calcite precipitation by E. coli HB101 (pBU11) was significant although its precipitation level was not as high as that by B. pasteurii. Addition of low concentrations(More)
The protective role of humoral antibodies in the resolution of systemic candidiasis remains controversial. Investigation of the humoral immune responses in mouse strains of varying susceptibility to infection may demonstrate a link between mouse strain susceptibility, antibody production and specificity, and the ability to resolve an infection. The antibody(More)
Antibody to an immunodominant antigen of approximately 48 kDa is found in a high proportion of patients with mucocutaneous or systemic infections of the yeast Candida albicans. A cDNA encoding part of the 48 kDa antigen has been isolated. From the deduced amino acid sequence of the cDNA clone, the 48 kDa antigen shows homology to the enzyme enolase.
Reported targets of the specific immune responses to Candida albicans in human candidiasis include a 47-kDa breakdown product of a 90-kDa heat shock protein (HSP 90) (R. Matthews and J. Burnie, FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 60:25-30, 1989) and the 48-kDa enolase (K.M. Franklyn, J.R. Warmington, A.K. Ott, and R.B. Ashman, Immunol. Cell Biol. 68:173-178, 1990). These(More)
Mutants of Escherichia coil strain AG100 exhibiting the multiple antibiotic resistance (Mar) phenotype demonstrated a greater level of tolerance to tea tree oil (TTO) compared with the parent strain. The ability of TTO to kill all E. coil strains studied was greater at 37 than at 30 degrees C. Growth of parent strain AG100 in the presence of salicylate,(More)